CEOS EO HANDBOOK – AGENCY SUMMARY - ESA
Agency Name Full European Space Agency CEOS Member yes
Agency Country Europe Agency Website http://www.esa.int
Agency Mission Timeline click here
Agency Series
SeriesMissions
CO2MSentinel CO2M-A, Sentinel CO2M-B, Sentinel CO2M-C
EPSMetop-A, Metop-B, Metop-C
ERSERS-1, ERS-2
MeteosatMeteosat-1, Meteosat-2, Meteosat-3, Meteosat-4, Meteosat-5, Meteosat-6, Meteosat-7, Meteosat-8, Meteosat-9, Meteosat-10, Meteosat-11
METOP-SG AMETOP-SG A1, METOP-SG A2, METOP-SG A3
METOP-SG BMETOP-SG B1, METOP-SG B2, METOP-SG B3
MTG-I (imaging)MTG-I1 (imaging), MTG-I2 (imaging), MTG-I3 (imaging), MTG-I4 (imaging)
MTG-S (sounding)MTG-S1 (sounding), MTG-S2 (sounding)
Sentinel-1Sentinel-1 A, Sentinel-1 B, Sentinel-1 C, Sentinel-1 D
Sentinel-2Sentinel-2 A, Sentinel-2 B, Sentinel-2 C, Sentinel-2 D
Sentinel-3Sentinel-3 A, Sentinel-3 B, Sentinel-3 C, Sentinel-3 D
Sentinel-4Sentinel-4 A, Sentinel-4 B
Sentinel-5Sentinel-5 A, Sentinel-5 B, Sentinel-5 C
Sentinel-6Sentinel-6 A Michael Freilich, Sentinel-6 B
Current Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
Odin 20 Feb 2001 Dec 2024 OSIRIS, SMR
SCISAT-1 12 Aug 2003 Mar 2024 ACE-FTS, MAESTRO
Meteosat-9 22 Dec 2005 Jan 2025 GERB, MSG Comms, SEVIRI
SMOS 02 Nov 2009 Dec 2025 MIRAS (SMOS)
CryoSat-2 08 Apr 2010 Dec 2025 DGXX, Laser Reflectors (ESA), SIRAL
Meteosat-10 05 Jul 2012 Sep 2030 GERB, MSG Comms, SEVIRI
Metop-B 17 Sep 2012 Aug 2024 A-DCS3, AMSU-A, ASCAT, AVHRR/3, GOME-2, GRAS, HIRS/4, IASI, MHS, S&R (NOAA), SEM (POES)
Swarm 22 Nov 2013 Dec 2025 ACC, ASM, EFI, GPS Receiver (Swarm), Laser Reflectors (ESA), STR, VFM
Sentinel-1 A 03 Apr 2014 Apr 2024 C-Band SAR
Sentinel-2 A 23 Jun 2015 Jul 2025 MSI (Sentinel-2)
Meteosat-11 15 Jul 2015 Dec 2033 GERB, MSG Comms, SEVIRI
Sentinel-3 A 16 Feb 2016 Mar 2026 DGXX-S, OLCI, SLSTR, SRAL
Sentinel-2 B 06 Mar 2017 Apr 2027 MSI (Sentinel-2)
Sentinel-5 precursor 13 Oct 2017 Sep 2027 UVNS (Sentinel-5 precursor)
Sentinel-3 B 25 Apr 2018 Aug 2028 DGXX-S, OLCI, SLSTR, SRAL
Metop-C 07 Nov 2018 Dec 2027 A-DCS3, AMSU-A, ASCAT, AVHRR/3, GOME-2, GRAS, IASI, MHS, SEM (POES)
Sentinel-6 A Michael Freilich 21 Nov 2020 Jun 2026 AMR-C, DGXX-S, GNSS POD Receiver, GNSS-RO Receiver, LRA (Sentinel-6), Poseidon-4 Altimeter
MTG-I1 (imaging) 13 Dec 2022 31 May 2031 FCI, LI
Approved Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
EarthCARE May 2024 May 2027 ATLID, BBR (EarthCARE), CPR (EarthCARE), MSI (EarthCARE)
AWS Jun 2024 Jun 2029 AWS Instrument
Sentinel-4 A Sep 2024 Mar 2033 UVN (Sentinel-4)
MTG-S1 (sounding) Sep 2024 Mar 2033 IRS, UVN
Sentinel-2 C Oct 2024 Dec 2034 MSI (Sentinel-2)
HydroGNSS Oct 2024 Mar 2029 SGR-ReSI-Z
Sentinel-1 C Dec 2024 Apr 2034 C-Band SAR
Sentinel-5 A Mar 2025 Sep 2032 UVNS (Sentinel-5)
Biomass Mar 2025 Oct 2030 P-Band SAR
METOP-SG A1 Mar 2025 Sep 2032 3MI, IASI-NG, METimage, MWS, RO, UVNS (Sentinel-5)
ALTIUS May 2025 May 2028 ALTIUS Instrument
Sentinel-1 D Jun 2025 Jun 2035 C-Band SAR
Sentinel-3 C Oct 2025 Oct 2035 DGXX-S, OLCI, SLSTR, SRAL
Sentinel-6 B Dec 2025 May 2031 AMR-C, DGXX-S, DORIS-NG, GNSS POD Receiver, GNSS-RO Receiver, LRA (Sentinel-6), Poseidon-4 Altimeter
METOP-SG B1 Dec 2025 Jun 2033 A-DCS4, ICI, MWI, RO, SCA
FLEX Mar 2026 Sep 2029 FLORIS
Sentinel CO2M-A Jun 2026 Dec 2033 CLIM, CO2I, MAP
Sentinel CO2M-B Sep 2026 Mar 2034 CLIM, CO2I, MAP
MTG-I2 (imaging) Sep 2026 Mar 2035 FCI, LI
FORUM Aug 2027 Dec 2032 FEI, Fourier Transform Spectrometer
Sentinel-2 D Sep 2028 Sep 2038 MSI (Sentinel-2)
Sentinel CRISTAL-A Dec 2028 Jun 2036 AMR-C, IRIS
Sentinel-3 D Dec 2028 Dec 2038 DGXX-S, OLCI, SLSTR, SRAL
Sentinel LSTM-A Mar 2029 Sep 2036 Land Surface Temperature Radiometer
Sentinel ROSE-L A Sep 2029 Mar 2037 L-band SAR
Sentinel CIMR-A Oct 2029 Apr 2037 Imaging Microwave Radiometer
Sentinel CHIME-A Dec 2029 Jun 2037 HSI
Harmony Dec 2029 Dec 2034 Multiview Thermal-Infared, Passive Synthetic Aperture Radar
TRUTHS Mar 2030 Sep 2035 CSAR, HIS
Sentinel CRISTAL-B Jun 2030 Dec 2037 AMR-C, IRIS
MTG-I3 (imaging) Oct 2030 Apr 2039 FCI, LI
Sentinel LSTM-B Mar 2031 Sep 2038 Land Surface Temperature Radiometer
Sentinel ROSE-L B Sep 2031 Mar 2039 L-band SAR
Sentinel CIMR-B Oct 2031 Apr 2039 Imaging Microwave Radiometer
Sentinel CHIME-B Dec 2031 Jun 2039 HSI
Aeolus-2 Dec 2031 Dec 2041 ALADIN-2
METOP-SG A2 May 2032 Nov 2039 3MI, IASI-NG, METimage, MWS, RO, UVNS (Sentinel-5)
Sentinel-5 B May 2032 Nov 2039 UVNS (Sentinel-5)
MTG-S2 (sounding) Oct 2032 Apr 2041 IRS, UVN
Sentinel-4 B Oct 2032 Apr 2041 UVN (Sentinel-4)
METOP-SG B2 Nov 2032 Jun 2040 A-DCS4, ICI, MWI, RO, SCA
MAGIC/MCDO Dec 2032 Dec 2040 LTI, MicroSTAR accelerometer
MTG-I4 (imaging) Jun 2034 Jan 2043 FCI, LI
Sentinel-5 C May 2039 Nov 2046 UVNS (Sentinel-5)
METOP-SG A3 May 2039 Nov 2046 3MI, IASI-NG, METimage, MWS, RO, UVNS (Sentinel-5)
METOP-SG B3 Nov 2039 Jun 2047 ICI, MWI, RO, SCA
Planned Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
Sentinel CO2M-C 2027 2035 CLIM, CO2I, MAP
Space Weather L1-A 2028 2033 COR, Magnetometer, STIS, SWiPS, XFM
MAGIC/NGGM 2032 2040 LTI, MicroSTAR accelerometer
Considered Missions
None.
Completed Missions
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
Meteosat-1 23 Nov 1977 24 Nov 1979 -
Meteosat-2 19 Jun 1981 02 Dec 1991 -
Meteosat-3 15 Jun 1988 01 Aug 1991 Meteosat Comms, MVIRI
Meteosat-4 06 Mar 1989 08 Nov 1995 Meteosat Comms, MVIRI
Meteosat-5 02 Mar 1991 26 Apr 2007 Meteosat Comms, MVIRI
ERS-1 17 Jul 1991 07 Mar 2000 AMI/SAR/Image, AMI/SAR/Wave, AMI/Scatterometer, ATSR, ATSR/M, ERS Comms, MWR, RA
Meteosat-6 20 Nov 1993 02 May 2011 Meteosat Comms, MVIRI
ERS-2 21 Apr 1995 04 Jul 2011 AMI/SAR/Image, AMI/SAR/Wave, AMI/Scatterometer, ATSR/M, ATSR-2, ERS Comms, GOME, MWR, RA
Meteosat-7 02 Sep 1997 11 Apr 2017 Meteosat Comms, MVIRI
PROBA 22 Oct 2001 31 Oct 2021 CHRIS, HRC
Envisat 01 Mar 2002 08 Apr 2012 AATSR, ASAR, ASAR (image mode), ASAR (wave mode), DORIS-NG, ENVISAT Comms, GOMOS, MERIS, MIPAS, MWR, RA-2, SCIAMACHY
GRACE 17 Mar 2002 27 Oct 2017 GRACE instrument
Meteosat-8 28 Aug 2002 30 Nov 2022 GERB, MSG Comms, SEVIRI
CryoSat 08 Oct 2005 08 Oct 2005 DORIS-NG, Laser Reflectors (ESA), SIRAL
Metop-A 19 Oct 2006 15 Nov 2021 A-DCS3, AMSU-A, ASCAT, AVHRR/3, GOME-2, GRAS, HIRS/4, IASI, MHS, S&R (NOAA), SEM (POES)
GOCE 17 Mar 2009 21 Oct 2013 EGG, GPS (ESA), Laser Reflectors (ESA), LRR, SSTI
PROBA-V 07 May 2013 31 Oct 2021 Vegetation
TDS-1 08 Jul 2014 31 May 2019 SGR-ReSI
Sentinel-1 B 25 Apr 2016 03 Aug 2022 C-Band SAR
GOMX4 02 Feb 2018 31 Mar 2023 ADSB Receiver (GOMX4), HyperScout
Aeolus 22 Aug 2018 30 Apr 2023 ALADIN
Federated Satellite Systems 03 Sep 2020 31 Dec 2021 FMPL-2, HyperScout-2, Phisat-1
SEOSAT/Ingenio 17 Nov 2020 17 Nov 2020 PAN+MS (RGB+NIR)
Operational Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
ACCSwarm
AMR-CSentinel-6 A Michael Freilich, Sentinel-6 B, Sentinel CRISTAL-A, Sentinel CRISTAL-B
ASCATMetop-B, Metop-C, Metop-A
C-Band SARSentinel-1 A, Sentinel-1 C, Sentinel-1 D, Sentinel-1 B
EFISwarm
GERBMeteosat-9, Meteosat-10, Meteosat-11, Meteosat-8
GNSS POD ReceiverSentinel-6 A Michael Freilich, Sentinel-6 B
GOME-2Metop-B, Metop-C, Metop-A
GPS Receiver (Swarm)Swarm
GRASMetop-B, Metop-C, Metop-A
Laser Reflectors (ESA)GOCE, CryoSat, Swarm, CryoSat-2
LRA (Sentinel-6)Sentinel-6 A Michael Freilich, Sentinel-6 B
MIRAS (SMOS)SMOS
MSI (Sentinel-2)Sentinel-2 A, Sentinel-2 B, Sentinel-2 C, Sentinel-2 D
OLCISentinel-3 A, Sentinel-3 B, Sentinel-3 C, Sentinel-3 D
Poseidon-4 AltimeterSentinel-6 A Michael Freilich, Sentinel-6 B
SEVIRIMeteosat-9, Meteosat-10, Meteosat-11, Meteosat-8
SGR-ReSI-CDHSDoT-1
SIRALCryoSat, CryoSat-2
SLSTRSentinel-3 A, Sentinel-3 B, Sentinel-3 C, Sentinel-3 D
SRALSentinel-3 A, Sentinel-3 B, Sentinel-3 C, Sentinel-3 D
STRSwarm
UVNS (Sentinel-5 precursor)Sentinel-5 precursor
VFMSwarm
Prototype Instruments None.
Instruments Being Developed
InstrumentMission(s)
3MIMETOP-SG A1, METOP-SG A2, METOP-SG A3
AIRMO SpectrometerAIRMO Constellation
ALTIUS InstrumentALTIUS
AWS InstrumentAWS
CSARTRUTHS
FCIMTG-I2 (imaging), MTG-I3 (imaging), MTG-I4 (imaging), MTG-I1 (imaging)
FEIFORUM
HISTRUTHS
ICIMETOP-SG B1, METOP-SG B2, METOP-SG B3
IRSMTG-S1 (sounding), MTG-S2 (sounding), MTG-S1, MTG-S2
LIMTG-I2 (imaging), MTG-I3 (imaging), MTG-I4 (imaging), MTG-I1 (imaging)
MWIMETOP-SG B1, METOP-SG B2, METOP-SG B3
MWSMETOP-SG A1, METOP-SG A2, METOP-SG A3
P-Band SARBiomass
ROMETOP-SG A1, METOP-SG B1, METOP-SG A2, METOP-SG A3, METOP-SG B2, METOP-SG B3
SCAMETOP-SG B1, METOP-SG B2, METOP-SG B3
SGR-ReSI-ZHydroGNSS
UVNS (Sentinel-5)METOP-SG A1, Sentinel-5 A, Sentinel-5 B, METOP-SG A2, METOP-SG A3, Sentinel-5 C
Approved Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
ATLIDEarthCARE, ESA Future Missions
BBR (EarthCARE)EarthCARE
FLORISFLEX
Fourier Transform SpectrometerFORUM
LTIMAGIC/MCDO, MAGIC/NGGM
MSI (EarthCARE)EarthCARE
Multiview Thermal-InfaredHarmony
Passive Synthetic Aperture RadarHarmony
UVNMTG-S1 (sounding), MTG-S2 (sounding), MTG-S1, MTG-S2
Proposed Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
ALADIN-2Aeolus-2
UVN (Sentinel-4)Sentinel-4 A, Sentinel-4 B
TBD Instruments None.
No Longer Operational Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
ADSB Receiver (GOMX4)GOMX4
AIS Receiver (GOMX4)-
ALADINAeolus
AMI/SAR/ImageERS-1, ERS-2
AMI/SAR/WaveERS-1, ERS-2
AMI/ScatterometerERS-1, ERS-2
ASAREnvisat
ASAR (image mode)Envisat
ASAR (wave mode)Envisat
CHRISPROBA
EGGGOCE
ENVISAT CommsEnvisat
ERS CommsERS-1, ERS-2
FMPL-2Federated Satellite Systems
GOMEERS-2
GOMOSEnvisat
GPS (ESA)GOCE
GRACE instrumentGRACE-II, GRACE
HRCPROBA
HyperScoutGOMX4
HyperScout-2Federated Satellite Systems
LRRGOCE
MERISEnvisat
MIPASEnvisat
MVIRIMeteosat-5, Meteosat-3, Meteosat-4, Meteosat-6, Meteosat-7
MWREnvisat, ERS-1, ERS-2
PAN+MS (RGB+NIR)SEOSAT/Ingenio
Phisat-1Federated Satellite Systems
RAERS-1, ERS-2
RA-2Envisat
SCIAMACHYEnvisat
SSTIGOCE
VegetationPROBA-V