Full Name METEOSAT Visible and Infra-Red Imager Status No longer operational
Instrument Agencies EUMETSAT, ESA Maturity
Instrument Type Imaging multi-spectral radiometers (vis/IR) Geometry Earth disk scanning
Instrument Technology Multi-purpose imaging Vis/IR radiometer Sampling Imaging
Data Access Open Access Data Format
Measurements and Applications Measures cloud cover, motion, height, upper tropospheric humidity and sea surface temperature.
Resolution Summary Visible: 2.5 km, Water vapour: 5 km (after processing), TIR: 5 km
[Best Resolution: 2500m]
Swath Summary Full Earth disk in all three channels, every 30 minutes
Accuracy Summary Cloud top height: 0.5 km, Cloud top/ sea surface temperature: 0.7 K, Cloud cover 15%
Waveband Summary VIS - NIR: 0.5 - 0.9 µm, TIR: 5.7 - 7.1 µm (water vapour), 10.5 - 12.5 µm
VIS (~0.40 µm - ~0.75 µm)
NIR (~0.75 µm - ~1.3 µm)
TIR (~6.0 µm - ~15.0 µm)
Instrument Measurements
Measurements Overview
Atmospheric Humidity FieldsAtmospheric specific humidity (HT)
Atmospheric WindsWind profile (horizontal)
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperatureCloud imagery
Cloud cover
Cloud top height
Cloud top temperature
Liquid water and precipitation ratePrecipitation intensity at the surface (liquid or solid)
Surface temperature (ocean)Sea surface temperature
Thematic Links Global Climate Observing System Essential Climate Variables (GCOS ECVs)
ECVDescriptionProduct(s)ECV Inventory 3.0 Record(s)
Cloud Properties click here click here Record ID: 11124
Record ID: 11123
Record ID: 10418
find more ECV Inventory records
Precipitation click here click here Record ID: 10440
NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Precip...
Sea Surface Temperature click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Water Vapour (upper air) click here click here FTH Edition 1
Record ID: 11126
Record ID: 11125
FTH Edition 1
Record ID: 10421
find more ECV Inventory records
Wind speed and direction (upper-air) click here click here Record ID: 11966
Record ID: 10958
Instrument Missions
Meteosat-3 - Meteosat-3 (1988 - 1991)
Meteosat-4 - Meteosat-4 (1989 - 1995)
Meteosat-5 - Meteosat-5 (1991 - 2007)
Meteosat-6 - Meteosat-6 (1993 - 2011)
Meteosat-7 - Meteosat-7 (1997 - 2017)