THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – AGENCY SUMMARY - NASA
Agency Name Full National Aeronautics and Space Administration CEOS Member yes
Agency Country U.S.A. Agency Website http://www.nasa.gov
Agency Mission Timeline click here
Agency Series
SeriesMissions
ESSAESSA-1, ESSA-2, ESSA-3, ESSA-4, ESSA-5, ESSA-6, ESSA-7, ESSA-8, ESSA-9
JasonJason-1, OSTM (Jason-2), Jason-3, Sentinel-6 A, Sentinel-6 B
NASA A-TrainAqua, CloudSat, CALIPSO, OCO-2, Aura
NIMBUSNIMBUS-1, NIMBUS-2, NIMBUS-3, NIMBUS-4, NIMBUS-5, NIMBUS-6, NIMBUS-7
TIROSTIROS-1, TIROS-2, TIROS-3, TIROS-4, TIROS-5, TIROS-6, TIROS-7, TIROS-8, TIROS-9, TIROS-10
Current Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
LAGEOS-1 04 May 1976 May 2052 LRA (LAGEOS)
LAGEOS-2 22 Oct 1992 Oct 2052 LRA (LAGEOS)
Landsat 7 15 Apr 1999 Jul 2021 ETM+
QuikSCAT 19 Jun 1999 Oct 2018 SeaWinds
Terra 18 Dec 1999 Sep 2020 ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS, MOPITT
Aqua 04 May 2002 Sep 2020 AIRS, AMSR-E, AMSU-A, CERES, HSB, MODIS
SORCE 25 Jan 2003 Dec 2019 SIM, SOLSTICE, TIM, XPS
SCISAT-1 12 Aug 2003 Mar 2019 ACE-FTS, MAESTRO
Aura 15 Jul 2004 Sep 2020 HiRDLS, MLS (EOS-Aura), OMI, TES
CloudSat 28 Apr 2006 Sep 2020 CPR (CloudSat)
CALIPSO 28 Apr 2006 Sep 2020 CALIOP, IIR, WFC
OSTM (Jason-2) 20 Jun 2008 Oct 2019 AMR, DORIS-NG, GPSP, LRA, POSEIDON-3
Suomi NPP 28 Oct 2011 Sep 2020 ATMS, CERES, CrIS, OMPS, OMPS-L, VIIRS
Landsat 8 11 Feb 2013 May 2023 OLI, TIRS
TCTE 19 Nov 2013 Dec 2019 TIM
GPM Core 27 Feb 2014 Sep 2020 DPR, GMI
OCO-2 02 Jul 2014 Sep 2020 Spectrometer (OCO-2)
SMAP 31 Jan 2015 Sep 2020 L-band Radar (SMAP), L-band Radiometer (SMAP)
DSCOVR 11 Feb 2015 Feb 2020 EPIC, ES, FC, NISTAR, PHA, PlasMag
Jason-3 17 Jan 2016 Mar 2021 AMR, DORIS-NG, GPSP, LRA, POSEIDON-3B Altimeter
GOES-16 19 Nov 2016 Nov 2026 ABI, DCS (GOES-16), EXIS, GLM, Magnetometer (NOAA), SEISS, SUVI
CYGNSS 15 Dec 2016 Jan 2020 DDMI (CYGNSS)
LIS-on-ISS 19 Feb 2017 Mar 2019 LIS
SAGE-III-on-ISS 19 Feb 2017 Mar 2020 SAGE-III
JPSS-1 18 Nov 2017 Sep 2024 ATMS, CERES, CrIS, OMPS, VIIRS
TSIS-1-on-ISS 17 Dec 2017 Mar 2023 TSIS-1
GOES-S 01 Mar 2018 Oct 2029 ABI, DCS (GOES-16), EXIS, GLM, Magnetometer (NOAA), SEISS, SUVI
GRACE-FO 22 May 2018 May 2023 GRACE instrument, LRI, MWI
ECOSTRESS-on-ISS 29 Jun 2018 Aug 2019 ECOSTRESS
Approved Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
GEDI-on-ISS Nov 2018 Feb 2021 GEDI
OCO-3-on-ISS Feb 2019 May 2022 Spectrometer (OCO-3)
TEMPO Dec 2019 Dec 2027 Spectrometer (TEMPO)
TROPICS Dec 2019 Dec 2021 TROPICS
GOES-T Sep 2020 Jul 2033 ABI, DCS (GOES-16), EXIS, GLM, Magnetometer (NOAA), SEISS, SUVI
Landsat 9 Dec 2020 Mar 2025 OLI-2, TIRS-2
SWOT Sep 2021 Dec 2024 AMR-S, DORIS-NG, GPSP, Ka-band Radar INterferometer (KaRIN), LRA
NISAR Dec 2021 Sep 2025 L-band SAR (NISAR), S-band SAR (NISAR)
JPSS-2 Dec 2021 Dec 2028 ATMS, CrIS, OMPS, OMPS-L, VIIRS
MAIA Dec 2021 Dec 2024 MAIA
GeoCarb Dec 2022 Dec 2026 Scanning Spectrometer (GeoCarb)
GOES-U Dec 2024 Oct 2038 ABI, DCS (GOES-16), EXIS, GLM, Magnetometer (NOAA), SEISS, SUVI
Planned Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
Sentinel-6 A 2020 2026 AMR-C, DORIS-NG, GNSS POD Receiver, GNSS-RO Receiver, LRA (Sentinel-6), Poseidon-4 Altimeter
PACE 2022 2025 OCI, Polarimeter (PACE)
CLARREO Pathfinder-on-ISS 2022 2024 CLARREO Pathfinder Reflected Solar
Sentinel-6 B 2025 2031 AMR-C, DORIS-NG, GNSS POD Receiver, GNSS-RO Receiver, LRA (Sentinel-6), Poseidon-4 Altimeter
JPSS-3 2026 2033 ATMS, CrIS, OMPS, OMPS-L, VIIRS
JPSS-4 2031 2038 ATMS, CrIS, OMPS, OMPS-L, VIIRS
Considered Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
TSIS-2 2020 2025 TSIS-2
ACE 2022 2023 Cloud Radar, Lidar, Multi-band UV/VIS Spectrometer (ACE), Next Gen APS (ACE), OCI
ASCENDS 2022 2025 CO Sensor (ASCENDS), CO2 and O2 LIDAR (ASCENDS)
GEO-CAPE 2023 2026 Event Imaging Spectrometer from GEO (GeoCape), IR Correlation Radiometer (GeoCape), UV/Vis Near IR Wide Imaging Spectrometer (Geo-Cape)
HyspIRI 2023 2026 Multi-spectral thermal infrared imager (HyspIRI), Visible imaging spectrometer (HyspIRI)
LIST 2030 2033 Laser altimeter (LIST)
PATH 2030 2033 GeoSTAR
GRACE-II 2030 2033 GRACE instrument
SCLP 2030 2033 K band radiometers (SCLP), Ku and X-band radars (SCLP)
GACM 2030 2033 IR Spectrometer (GACM), Microwave limb sounder (GACM), UV Spectrometer (GACM)
3D Winds 2030 2033 HDWL (3D Winds)
Completed Missions
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
TIROS-1 01 Apr 1960 15 Jun 1960 VCS-NA, VCS-WA
TIROS-2 23 Nov 1960 22 Jan 1961 FPR, MRIR, VCS-NA, VCS-WA
TIROS-3 12 Jul 1961 28 Feb 1962 FPR, MRIR, VCS-WA
TIROS-4 08 Feb 1962 30 Jun 1962 FPR, MRIR, VCS-MA, VCS-WA
TIROS-5 19 Jun 1962 13 May 1963 VCS-MA, VCS-WA
TIROS-6 18 Sep 1962 21 Oct 1963 VCS-MA, VCS-WA
TIROS-7 19 Jun 1963 03 Jun 1968 FPR, MRIR, VCS-WA
TIROS-8 23 Dec 1963 01 Jul 1967 APT, VCS-WA
NIMBUS-1 28 Aug 1964 23 Sep 1964 APT, AVCS, HRIR
TIROS-9 22 Jan 1965 12 Jun 1968 VCS-WA
TIROS-10 02 Jul 1965 01 Jul 1967 VCS-WA
ESSA-1 03 Feb 1966 12 Jun 1968 FPR, VCS-WA
ESSA-2 28 Feb 1966 16 Oct 1970 APT
NIMBUS-2 15 May 1966 17 Jan 1969 APT, AVCS, HRIR, MRIR
ESSA-3 02 Oct 1966 02 Dec 1968 AVCS, FPR
ESSA-4 26 Jan 1967 05 May 1968 APT
ESSA-5 20 Apr 1967 20 Feb 1970 AVCS, FPR
ESSA-6 10 Nov 1967 03 Dec 1969 APT
ESSA-7 16 Aug 1968 10 Mar 1970 AVCS, FPR
ESSA-8 15 Dec 1968 12 Mar 1976 APT
ESSA-9 26 Feb 1969 12 Nov 1972 AVCS, FPR
NIMBUS-3 14 Apr 1969 22 Jan 1972 IRIS
NIMBUS-4 15 Apr 1970 30 Sep 1980 BUV, IRIS
Landsat-1 23 Jun 1972 06 Jan 1978 -
NIMBUS-5 11 Dec 1972 29 Mar 1983 ESMR (Nimbus-5), ITPR, NEMS, SCMR, SCR (Nimbus-5) , THIR
Landsat-2 22 Jan 1975 25 Feb 1982 -
NIMBUS-6 12 Jun 1975 29 Mar 1983 LRIR
Landsat-3 05 Mar 1978 21 Mar 1983 -
SeaSat 26 Jun 1978 08 Oct 1978 ALT (SeaSat), L-Band SAR, LRR (SeaSat), SASS, SMEI, SMMR, VIRR (SeaSat)
NIMBUS-7 24 Oct 1978 01 Oct 1994 CZCS, LIMS, SAGE II, SAMS, SBUV/1, SMMR, TOMS
SAGE/AEM-2 18 Feb 1979 19 Nov 1981 SAGE I
Landsat 5 01 Mar 1984 05 Jun 2013 MSS (Landsat), TM
ERBS 05 Oct 1984 14 Oct 2005 ERBE, SAGE II
UARS 15 Sep 1991 14 Dec 2005 ACRIM II, CLAES, HALOE, HRDI, ISAMS, MLS, PEM, SOLSTICE, SUSIM (UARS), WINDII
Topex-Poseidon 10 Aug 1992 18 Jan 2006 DORIS, LRA, POSEIDON-1 (SSALT-1), TMR, TOPEX
TOMS-EP 02 Jul 1996 18 Jan 2006 TOMS
ADEOS 17 Aug 1996 30 Jun 1997 ADEOS Comms, AVNIR, ILAS, IMG, NSCAT, OCTS, POLDER, RIS, SEM (JAXA), TOMS
TRMM 27 Nov 1997 08 Apr 2015 CERES, LIS, PR, TMI, VIRS
GFO 10 Feb 1998 22 Oct 2008 GFO-RA, LRA, TRSR, WVR
ACRIMSAT 20 Dec 1999 14 Dec 2013 ACRIM III
NMP EO-1 23 Nov 2000 30 Mar 2017 ALI, Hyperion, LEISA AC
QuikTOMS 21 Sep 2001 21 Sep 2001 TOMS
Jason-1 09 Dec 2001 03 Jul 2013 DORIS-NG, JMR, LRA, POSEIDON-2 (SSALT-2), TRSR
GRACE 17 Mar 2002 10 Mar 2018 GRACE instrument
ADEOS-II 01 Nov 2002 24 Oct 2003 ADEOS Comms, AMSR, GLI, ILAS-II, POLDER-2, SeaWinds
ICESat 12 Jan 2003 14 Aug 2010 GLAS
OCO 24 Feb 2009 24 Feb 2009 Spectrometer (OCO)
HICO-on-ISS 10 Sep 2009 13 Sep 2014 HICO
SAC-D/Aquarius 10 Jun 2011 08 Jun 2015 Aquarius L-Band radiometer, Aquarius L-Band Scatterometer, CARMEN-1 (ICARE), CARMEN-1 (SODAD), DCS (SAC-D), HSC (SAC-D/Aquarius), Lagrange, MWR, NIRST, ROSA, TDP
RapidScat-on-ISS 20 Sep 2014 19 Aug 2016 RapidScat
CATS-on-ISS 10 Jan 2015 30 Sep 2018 CATS
Operational Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
A-DCS3NOAA-18, NOAA-19, Metop-B, Metop-A, SARAL, Metop-C, NOAA-9, NOAA-10, NOAA-11, NOAA-13, NOAA-16, NOAA-17, NOAA-12, NOAA-14, NOAA-15
AIRSAqua
AMROSTM (Jason-2), Jason-3
AMSU-AAqua
ASTERTerra
ATLASICESat-2Commissioning: 2018 - 2021" />
ATMSSuomi NPP, JPSS-1, JPSS-2, JPSS-3, JPSS-4, NPOESS-1, NPOESS-3, NPOESS-5
CALIOPCALIPSO
CERESTerra, Aqua, Suomi NPP, JPSS-1, NPOESS-1, NPOESS-5, TRMM
CPR (CloudSat)CloudSat
DDMI (CYGNSS)CYGNSS
ECOSTRESSECOSTRESS-on-ISS
EPICDSCOVR
ESDSCOVR
ETM+Landsat 7
FCDSCOVR
GMIGPM Core, GPM Constellation
GOXCOSMIC-1 FM1, COSMIC-1 FM2, COSMIC-1 FM4, COSMIC-1 FM5, COSMIC-1 FM6, COSMIC-1 FM3
GPSPOSTM (Jason-2), Jason-3, SWOT
GPSRO (Oersted)Oersted
GPSRO (Terra-SAR)TerraSAR-X
GRACE instrumentGRACE-FO, GRACE-II, GRACE
L-band Radiometer (SMAP)SMAP
LISLIS-on-ISS, TRMM
LRAOSTM (Jason-2), Jason-3, SWOT, Topex-Poseidon, Jason-1, GFO
LRIGRACE-FO
MISRTerra
MLS (EOS-Aura)Aura
MODISTerra, Aqua
MOPITTTerra
MWIGRACE-FO
NISTARDSCOVR
OLILandsat 8
OMIAura
OMPS-LSuomi NPP, JPSS-2, JPSS-3, JPSS-4
PHADSCOVR
PlasMagDSCOVR
SAGE-IIISAGE-III-on-ISS
SeaWindsQuikSCAT, ADEOS-II
SIMSORCE
SOLSTICESORCE, UARS
Spectrometer (OCO-2)OCO-2
TIMSORCE, TCTE, Glory
TIRSLandsat 8
TSIS-1TSIS-1-on-ISS, NPOESS-1, NPOESS-6, Free Flyer-2
VIIRSSuomi NPP, JPSS-1, JPSS-2, JPSS-3, JPSS-4, NPOESS-2, NPOESS-1, NPOESS-3, NPOESS-4, NPOESS-5, NPOESS-6, DWSS
WFCCALIPSO
WindSatCORIOLIS
XPSSORCE
Prototype Instruments None.
Instruments Being Developed
InstrumentMission(s)
AMR-CSentinel-6 A, Sentinel-6 B
AMR-SSWOT
GEDIGEDI-on-ISS
GNSS-RO ReceiverSentinel-6 A, Sentinel-6 B
LRA (Sentinel-6)Sentinel-6 A, Sentinel-6 B
MAIAMAIA
OCIPACE, ACE
OLI-2Landsat 9
RBI-
Scanning Spectrometer (GeoCarb)GeoCarb
Spectrometer (OCO-3)OCO-3-on-ISS
Spectrometer (TEMPO)TEMPO
TROPICSTROPICS
TSIS-2TSIS-2
Approved Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
L-band SAR (NISAR)NISAR
TIRS-2Landsat 9
Proposed Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
CLARREO Pathfinder Reflected SolarCLARREO Pathfinder-on-ISS
Cloud RadarACE
CO Sensor (ASCENDS)ASCENDS
CO2 and O2 LIDAR (ASCENDS)ASCENDS
Event Imaging Spectrometer from GEO (GeoCape)GEO-CAPE
GeoSTARPATH
HDWL (3D Winds)3D Winds
IR Correlation Radiometer (GeoCape)GEO-CAPE
IR Spectrometer (GACM)GACM
K band radiometers (SCLP)SCLP
Ka-band Radar INterferometer (KaRIN)SWOT
Ku and X-band radars (SCLP)SCLP
Laser altimeter (LIST)LIST
LidarACE
Microwave limb sounder (GACM)GACM
Multi-band UV/VIS Spectrometer (ACE)ACE
Multi-spectral thermal infrared imager (HyspIRI)HyspIRI
Next Gen APS (ACE)ACE
Polarimeter (PACE)PACE
UV Spectrometer (GACM)GACM
UV/Vis Near IR Wide Imaging Spectrometer (Geo-Cape)GEO-CAPE
Visible imaging spectrometer (HyspIRI)HyspIRI
TBD Instruments None.
No Longer Operational Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
ACRIM IIUARS
ACRIM IIIACRIMSAT
ALINMP EO-1
ALT (SeaSat)SeaSat
AMSR-EAqua
APSGlory
APTESSA-2, ESSA-4, TIROS-8, ESSA-6, ESSA-8, NIMBUS-1, NIMBUS-2
Aquarius L-Band radiometerSAC-D/Aquarius
Aquarius L-Band ScatterometerSAC-D/Aquarius
AVCSESSA-3, ESSA-5, ESSA-7, ESSA-9, NIMBUS-1, NIMBUS-2
BUVNIMBUS-4
CATSCATS-on-ISS
CHAMP GPS SounderCHAMP
CLAESUARS
CZCSNIMBUS-7
ERBENOAA-9, NOAA-10, ERBS
ESMR (Nimbus-5)NIMBUS-5
FPRESSA-1, ESSA-3, ESSA-5, ESSA-7, ESSA-9, TIROS-2, TIROS-3, TIROS-4, TIROS-7
GFO-RAGFO
GLASICESat
GOLPESAC-C
GPSDRSAC-A
HALOEUARS
HICOHICO-on-ISS
HiRDLSAura
HRDIUARS
HRIRNIMBUS-1, NIMBUS-2
HSBAqua
HyperionNMP EO-1
IRISNIMBUS-3, NIMBUS-4
ISAMSUARS
ITPRNIMBUS-5
JMRJason-1
L-band Radar (SMAP)SMAP
L-Band SARSeaSat
LEISA ACNMP EO-1
LIMSNIMBUS-7
LRIRNIMBUS-6
LRR (SeaSat)SeaSat
MLSUARS
MRIRNIMBUS-2, TIROS-2, TIROS-3, TIROS-4, TIROS-7
MSS (Landsat)Landsat-4, Landsat 5
NEMSNIMBUS-5
NSCATADEOS
PEMUARS
PRTRMM
RapidScatRapidScat-on-ISS
SAGE ISAGE/AEM-2
SAGE IIERBS, NIMBUS-7
SAGE IIIMeteor-3M N1
SAMSNIMBUS-7
SASSSeaSat
SBUV/1NIMBUS-7
SCMRNIMBUS-5
SCR (Nimbus-5) NIMBUS-5
SMEISeaSat
SMMRNIMBUS-7, SeaSat
Spectrometer (OCO)OCO
SUSIM (UARS)UARS
TESAura
THIRNIMBUS-5
TMLandsat-4, Landsat 5
TMITRMM
TMRTopex-Poseidon
TOMSMeteor-3 N5, TOMS-EP, ADEOS, NIMBUS-7, QuikTOMS
TOPEXTopex-Poseidon
TRSRJason-1, GFO
VCS-MATIROS-4, TIROS-5, TIROS-6
VCS-NATIROS-1, TIROS-2
VCS-WAESSA-1, TIROS-9, TIROS-8, TIROS-1, TIROS-2, TIROS-3, TIROS-4, TIROS-5, TIROS-6, TIROS-7, TIROS-10
VIRR (SeaSat)SeaSat
VIRSTRMM
WINDIIUARS
WVRGFO
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