THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – AGENCY SUMMARY - NASA
Agency Name Full National Aeronautics and Space Administration CEOS Member yes
Agency Country U.S.A. Agency Website http://www.nasa.gov
Agency Mission Timeline click here
Agency Series
SeriesMissions
ESSAESSA-1, ESSA-2, ESSA-3, ESSA-4, ESSA-5, ESSA-6, ESSA-7, ESSA-8, ESSA-9
JasonJason-1, OSTM (Jason-2), Jason-3, Sentinel-6 A Michael Freilich, Sentinel-6 B
LandsatLandsat 1, Landsat 2, Landsat 3, Landsat 4, Landsat 5, Landsat 7, Landsat 8, Landsat 9
NASA A-TrainAqua, CloudSat, CALIPSO, OCO-2, Aura
NIMBUSNIMBUS-1, NIMBUS-2, NIMBUS-3, NIMBUS-4, NIMBUS-5, NIMBUS-6, NIMBUS-7
TIROSTIROS-1, TIROS-2, TIROS-3, TIROS-4, TIROS-5, TIROS-6, TIROS-7, TIROS-8, TIROS-9, TIROS-10
Current Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
LAGEOS-1 04 May 1976 May 2052 LRA (LAGEOS)
LAGEOS-2 22 Oct 1992 Oct 2052 LRA (LAGEOS)
Landsat 7 15 Apr 1999 Jul 2021 ETM+
Terra 18 Dec 1999 Sep 2023 ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS, MOPITT
Aqua 04 May 2002 Sep 2023 AIRS, AMSR-E, AMSU-A, CERES, HSB, MODIS
SCISAT-1 12 Aug 2003 Mar 2024 ACE-FTS, MAESTRO
Aura 15 Jul 2004 Sep 2023 HiRDLS, MLS (EOS-Aura), OMI, TES
CloudSat 28 Apr 2006 Sep 2021 CPR (CloudSat)
CALIPSO 28 Apr 2006 Sep 2021 CALIOP, IIR, WFC
Suomi NPP 28 Oct 2011 Sep 2024 ATMS, CERES, CrIS, OMPS, OMPS-L, VIIRS
Landsat 8 11 Feb 2013 May 2023 OLI, TIRS
GPM Core 27 Feb 2014 Sep 2023 DPR, GMI
OCO-2 02 Jul 2014 Sep 2023 Spectrometer (OCO-2)
SMAP 31 Jan 2015 Sep 2023 L-band Radar (SMAP), L-band Radiometer (SMAP)
DSCOVR 11 Feb 2015 Jan 2023 EPIC, ES, FC, NISTAR, PHA, PlasMag
Jason-3 17 Jan 2016 Mar 2021 AMR, DORIS-NG, GPSP, LRA, POSEIDON-3B Altimeter
GOES-16 19 Nov 2016 Nov 2026 ABI, DCS (GOES-R Series), EXIS, GLM, Magnetometer (NOAA), SEISS, SUVI
CYGNSS 15 Dec 2016 Sep 2023 DDMI (CYGNSS)
SAGE-III-on-ISS 19 Feb 2017 Sep 2023 SAGE-III
LIS-on-ISS 19 Feb 2017 Sep 2023 LIS
JPSS-1 18 Nov 2017 Sep 2024 ATMS, CERES, CrIS, OMPS, VIIRS
TSIS-1-on-ISS 17 Dec 2017 Mar 2023 TSIS-1/SIM, TSIS-1/TIM
GOES-17 01 Mar 2018 Oct 2026 ABI, DCS (GOES-R Series), EXIS, GLM, Magnetometer (NOAA), SEISS, SUVI
GRACE-FO 22 May 2018 May 2023 GRACE instrument, LRI, MWI
ECOSTRESS-on-ISS 29 Jun 2018 Sep 2021 PHyTIR
ICESat-2 15 Sep 2018 Dec 2021 ATLAS
GEDI-on-ISS 05 Dec 2018 Mar 2021 GEDI
OCO-3-on-ISS 04 May 2019 May 2022 Spectrometer (OCO-3)
Sentinel-6 A Michael Freilich 21 Nov 2020 Jun 2026 AMR-C, DORIS-NG, GNSS POD Receiver, GNSS-RO Receiver, LRA (Sentinel-6), Poseidon-4 Altimeter
Approved Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
Landsat 9 Sep 2021 Sep 2026 OLI-2, TIRS-2
MAIA Oct 2021 Oct 2026 MAIA
PREFIRE Dec 2021 May 2023 TIRS (PREFIRE)
SWOT Feb 2022 Feb 2025 AMR-S, DORIS-NG, GPSP, Ka-band Radar INterferometer (KaRIN), LRA
TEMPO Aug 2022 Jan 2024 Spectrometer (TEMPO)
NISAR Sep 2022 Sep 2025 L-band SAR (NISAR), S-band SAR (NISAR)
EMIT-on-ISS Oct 2022 Nov 2023 EMIT
GeoCarb Dec 2022 Dec 2026 Scanning Spectrometer (GeoCarb)
CLARREO Pathfinder-on-ISS Mar 2023 Jun 2024 CLARREO Pathfinder Reflected Solar
PACE Mar 2023 Jun 2026 HARP2, OCI, SPEXone
TROPICS Oct 2023 Oct 2025 TROPICS
GLIMR Jun 2026 Jun 2028 GLIMR Instrument
Planned Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
GOES-T 2021 2034 ABI, DCS (GOES-R Series), EXIS, GLM, Magnetometer (NOAA), SEISS, SUVI
JPSS-2 2022 2028 ATMS, CrIS, OMPS, OMPS-L, VIIRS
TSIS-2 2023 2026 TSIS-2/SIM, TSIS-2/TIM
SWFO-L1 2024 2029 CCOR, MAG, STIS, SWiPS
GOES-U 2024 2038 ABI, CCOR, DCS (GOES-R Series), EXIS, GLM, Magnetometer (NOAA), SEISS, SUVI
Sentinel-6 B 2025 2031 AMR-C, DORIS-NG, GNSS POD Receiver, GNSS-RO Receiver, LRA (Sentinel-6), Poseidon-4 Altimeter
JPSS-3 2026 2033 ATMS, CrIS, Libera, OMPS, OMPS-L, VIIRS
JPSS-4 2031 2038 ATMS, CrIS, OMPS, OMPS-L, VIIRS
Considered Missions
None.
Completed Missions
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
TIROS-1 01 Apr 1960 15 Jun 1960 VCS-NA, VCS-WA
TIROS-2 23 Nov 1960 22 Jan 1961 FPR, MRIR, VCS-NA, VCS-WA
TIROS-3 12 Jul 1961 28 Feb 1962 FPR, MRIR, VCS-WA
TIROS-4 08 Feb 1962 30 Jun 1962 FPR, MRIR, VCS-MA, VCS-WA
TIROS-5 19 Jun 1962 13 May 1963 VCS-MA, VCS-WA
TIROS-6 18 Sep 1962 21 Oct 1963 VCS-MA, VCS-WA
TIROS-7 19 Jun 1963 03 Jun 1968 FPR, MRIR, VCS-WA
TIROS-8 23 Dec 1963 01 Jul 1967 APT, VCS-WA
NIMBUS-1 28 Aug 1964 23 Sep 1964 APT, AVCS, HRIR
TIROS-9 22 Jan 1965 12 Jun 1968 VCS-WA
TIROS-10 02 Jul 1965 01 Jul 1967 VCS-WA
ESSA-1 03 Feb 1966 12 Jun 1968 FPR, VCS-WA
ESSA-2 28 Feb 1966 16 Oct 1970 APT
NIMBUS-2 15 May 1966 17 Jan 1969 APT, AVCS, HRIR, MRIR
ESSA-3 02 Oct 1966 02 Dec 1968 AVCS, FPR
ESSA-4 26 Jan 1967 05 May 1968 APT
ESSA-5 20 Apr 1967 20 Feb 1970 AVCS, FPR
ESSA-6 10 Nov 1967 03 Dec 1969 APT
ESSA-7 16 Aug 1968 10 Mar 1970 AVCS, FPR
ESSA-8 15 Dec 1968 12 Mar 1976 APT
ESSA-9 26 Feb 1969 12 Nov 1972 AVCS, FPR
NIMBUS-3 14 Apr 1969 22 Jan 1972 IRIS
NIMBUS-4 15 Apr 1970 30 Sep 1980 BUV, IRIS
Landsat 1 23 Jul 1972 02 Jan 1978 -
NIMBUS-5 11 Dec 1972 29 Mar 1983 ESMR (Nimbus-5), ITPR, NEMS, SCMR, SCR (Nimbus-5) , THIR
Landsat 2 22 Jan 1975 25 Feb 1982 -
NIMBUS-6 12 Jun 1975 29 Mar 1983 LRIR
Landsat 3 05 Mar 1978 21 Mar 1983 -
SeaSat 26 Jun 1978 08 Oct 1978 ALT (SeaSat), L-Band SAR, LRR (SeaSat), SASS, SMEI, SMMR, VIRR (SeaSat)
NIMBUS-7 24 Oct 1978 01 Oct 1994 CZCS, LIMS, SAGE II, SAMS, SBUV/1, SMMR, TOMS
SAGE/AEM-2 18 Feb 1979 19 Nov 1981 SAGE I
Landsat 5 01 Mar 1984 05 Jun 2013 MSS (Landsat), TM
ERBS 05 Oct 1984 14 Oct 2005 ERBE, SAGE II
UARS 15 Sep 1991 14 Dec 2005 ACRIM II, CLAES, HALOE, HRDI, ISAMS, MLS, PEM, SOLSTICE, SUSIM (UARS), WINDII
Topex-Poseidon 10 Aug 1992 18 Jan 2006 DORIS, LRA, POSEIDON-1 (SSALT-1), TMR, TOPEX
TOMS-EP 02 Jul 1996 18 Jan 2006 TOMS
ADEOS 17 Aug 1996 30 Jun 1997 ADEOS Comms, AVNIR, ILAS, IMG, NSCAT, OCTS, POLDER, RIS, SEM (JAXA), TOMS
TRMM 27 Nov 1997 08 Apr 2015 CERES, LIS, PR, TMI, VIRS
GFO 10 Feb 1998 22 Oct 2008 GFO-RA, LRA, TRSR, WVR
QuikSCAT 19 Jun 1999 02 Oct 2018 SeaWinds
ACRIMSAT 20 Dec 1999 14 Dec 2013 ACRIM III
NMP EO-1 23 Nov 2000 30 Mar 2017 ALI, Hyperion, LEISA AC
QuikTOMS 21 Sep 2001 21 Sep 2001 TOMS
Jason-1 09 Dec 2001 03 Jul 2013 DORIS-NG, JMR, LRA, POSEIDON-2 (SSALT-2), TRSR
GRACE 17 Mar 2002 27 Oct 2017 GRACE instrument
ADEOS-II 14 Dec 2002 25 Oct 2003 ADEOS Comms, AMSR, GLI, ILAS-II, POLDER-2, SeaWinds
ICESat 12 Jan 2003 14 Aug 2010 GLAS
SORCE 25 Jan 2003 25 Feb 2020 SIM, SOLSTICE, TIM, XPS
OSTM (Jason-2) 20 Jun 2008 10 Oct 2019 AMR, DORIS-NG, GPSP, LRA, POSEIDON-3
OCO 24 Feb 2009 24 Feb 2009 Spectrometer (OCO)
HICO-on-ISS 25 Sep 2009 25 Sep 2014 HICO
SAC-D/Aquarius 10 Jun 2011 08 Jun 2015 Aquarius L-Band radiometer, Aquarius L-Band Scatterometer, CARMEN-1 (ICARE), CARMEN-1 (SODAD), DCS (SAC-D), HSC (SAC-D/Aquarius), Lagrange, MWR, NIRST, ROSA, TDP
TCTE 19 Nov 2013 30 Jun 2019 TIM
RapidScat-on-ISS 20 Sep 2014 19 Aug 2016 RapidScat
CATS-on-ISS 10 Jan 2015 30 Sep 2018 CATS
Operational Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
A-DCS3NOAA-19, Metop-B, Metop-C, Metop-A, NOAA-9, NOAA-10, NOAA-11, NOAA-13, NOAA-16, NOAA-17, NOAA-12, NOAA-14, NOAA-15, NOAA-18, SARAL
AIRSAqua
AMRJason-3, OSTM (Jason-2)
AMR-CSentinel-6 A Michael Freilich, Sentinel-6 B
AMSU-AAqua
ASTERTerra
ATLASICESat-2
ATMSJPSS-1, JPSS-2, JPSS-3, JPSS-4, NPOESS-1, NPOESS-3, NPOESS-5, Suomi NPP
CALIOPCALIPSO
CERESJPSS-1, NPOESS-1, NPOESS-5, TRMM, Terra, Aqua, Suomi NPP
CPR (CloudSat)CloudSat
DDMI (CYGNSS)CYGNSS
EPICDSCOVR
ESDSCOVR
ETM+Landsat 7
FCDSCOVR
GEDIGEDI-on-ISS
GMIGPM Constellation, GPM Core
GNSS-RO ReceiverSentinel-6 A Michael Freilich, Sentinel-6 B
GPSPJason-3, SWOT, OSTM (Jason-2)
GPSRO (Terra-SAR)TerraSAR-X
GRACE instrumentGRACE-FO, GRACE-II, GRACE
L-band Radiometer (SMAP)SMAP
LISLIS-on-ISS
LRAJason-3, SWOT, Topex-Poseidon, Jason-1, OSTM (Jason-2), GFO
LRA (Sentinel-6)Sentinel-6 A Michael Freilich, Sentinel-6 B
LRIGRACE-FO
MISRTerra
MLS (EOS-Aura)Aura
MODISTerra, Aqua
MOPITTTerra
MWIGRACE-FO
NISTARDSCOVR
OLILandsat 8
OMIAura
OMPS-LJPSS-2, JPSS-3, JPSS-4, Suomi NPP
PHADSCOVR
PHyTIRECOSTRESS-on-ISS
PlasMagDSCOVR
SAGE-IIISAGE-III-on-ISS
Spectrometer (OCO-2)OCO-2
Spectrometer (OCO-3)OCO-3-on-ISS
TIRSLandsat 8
TSIS-1/SIMTSIS-1-on-ISS, NPOESS-1, NPOESS-6, Free Flyer-2
TSIS-1/TIMTSIS-1-on-ISS
VIIRSJPSS-1, JPSS-2, JPSS-3, JPSS-4, NPOESS-2, NPOESS-1, NPOESS-3, NPOESS-4, NPOESS-5, NPOESS-6, DWSS, Suomi NPP
WindSatCORIOLIS
Prototype Instruments None.
Instruments Being Developed
InstrumentMission(s)
AMR-SSWOT
CLARREO Pathfinder Reflected SolarCLARREO Pathfinder-on-ISS
EMITEMIT-on-ISS
GLIMR InstrumentGLIMR
HARP2PACE
Ka-band Radar INterferometer (KaRIN)SWOT
LiberaJPSS-3
MAIAMAIA
OCIPACE, ACE
OLI-2Landsat 9
Scanning Spectrometer (GeoCarb)GeoCarb
Spectrometer (TEMPO)TEMPO
SPEXonePACE
TIRS (PREFIRE)PREFIRE
TIRS-2Landsat 9
TROPICSTROPICS
TSIS-2/SIMTSIS-2
TSIS-2/TIMTSIS-2
Approved Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
L-band SAR (NISAR)NISAR
Proposed Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
CCORGOES-U, SWFO-L1
MAGSWFO-L1
STISSWFO-L1
SWiPSSWFO-L1
TBD Instruments None.
No Longer Operational Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
ACRIM IIUARS
ACRIM IIIACRIMSAT
ALINMP EO-1
ALT (SeaSat)SeaSat
AMSR-EAqua
APSGlory
Aquarius L-Band radiometerSAC-D/Aquarius
Aquarius L-Band ScatterometerSAC-D/Aquarius
BUVNIMBUS-4
CATSCATS-on-ISS
CHAMP GPS SounderCHAMP
CLAESUARS
CZCSNIMBUS-7
ERBENOAA-9, NOAA-10, ERBS
ESMR (Nimbus-5)NIMBUS-5
FPRNOAA-1, TIROS M (ITOS-1), ESSA-1, ESSA-3, ESSA-5, ESSA-7, ESSA-9, TIROS-2, TIROS-3, TIROS-4, TIROS-7
GFO-RAGFO
GLASICESat
GOLPESAC-C
GOXCOSMIC-1 FM1, COSMIC-1 FM2, COSMIC-1 FM3, COSMIC-1 FM4, COSMIC-1 FM5, COSMIC-1 FM6
GPSDRSAC-A
GPSRO (Oersted)Oersted
HALOEUARS
HICOHICO-on-ISS
HiRDLSAura
HRDIUARS
HRIRNIMBUS-1, NIMBUS-2
HSBAqua
HyperionNMP EO-1
IRISNIMBUS-3, NIMBUS-4
ISAMSUARS
ITPRNIMBUS-5
JMRJason-1
L-band Radar (SMAP)SMAP
L-Band SARSeaSat
LEISA ACNMP EO-1
LIMSNIMBUS-7
LISTRMM
LRIRNIMBUS-6
LRR (SeaSat)SeaSat
MLSUARS
MRIRNIMBUS-2, TIROS-2, TIROS-3, TIROS-4, TIROS-7
MSS (Landsat)Landsat 4, Landsat 5
NEMSNIMBUS-5
NSCATADEOS
PEMUARS
PRTRMM
RapidScatRapidScat-on-ISS
SAGE ISAGE/AEM-2
SAGE IIERBS, NIMBUS-7
SAGE IIIMeteor-3M N1
SAMSNIMBUS-7
SASSSeaSat
SBUV/1NIMBUS-7
SCMRNIMBUS-5
SCR (Nimbus-5) NIMBUS-5
SeaWindsADEOS-II, QuikSCAT
SIMSORCE
SMEISeaSat
SMMRNIMBUS-7, SeaSat
SOLSTICEUARS, SORCE
Spectrometer (OCO)OCO
SUSIM (UARS)UARS
TESAura
THIRNIMBUS-5
TIMGlory, SORCE, TCTE
TMLandsat 4, Landsat 5
TMITRMM
TMRTopex-Poseidon
TOMSMeteor-3 N5, TOMS-EP, ADEOS, NIMBUS-7, QuikTOMS
TOPEXTopex-Poseidon
TRSRJason-1, GFO
VCS-MATIROS-4, TIROS-5, TIROS-6
VCS-NATIROS-1, TIROS-2
VCS-WAESSA-1, TIROS-9, TIROS-8, TIROS-1, TIROS-2, TIROS-3, TIROS-4, TIROS-5, TIROS-6, TIROS-7, TIROS-10
VIRR (SeaSat)SeaSat
VIRSTRMM
WFCCALIPSO
WINDIIUARS
WVRGFO
XPSSORCE
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