THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - ABI -
Full Name Advanced Baseline Imager Status Operational
Instrument Agencies NOAA Maturity Medium Heritage
Instrument Type Imaging multi-spectral radiometers (vis/IR) Geometry
Instrument Technology Multi-purpose imaging Vis/IR radiometer Sampling Imaging
Data Access Data Format
Measurements and Applications Detects clouds, cloud properties, water vapour, land and sea surface temperatures, dust, aerosols, volcanic ash, fires, total ozone, snow and ice cover, vegetation index.
Resolution Summary 0.5 km in 0.64 µm band; 2.0 km in long wave IR and in the 1.378 µm band; 1.0 km in all others
[Best Resolution: 500m]
Swath Summary
Accuracy Summary Varies by product
Waveband Summary 16 bands in VIS, NIR and IR ranging from 0.47 µm to 13.3 µm
VIS (~0.40 µm - ~0.75 µm)
NIR (~0.75 µm - ~1.3 µm)
SWIR (~1.3 µm - ~3.0 µm)
MWIR (~3.0 µm - ~6.0 µm)
TIR (~6.0 µm - ~15.0 µm)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
AerosolsAerosol optical depth (TC) 
Volcanic ash 
Atmospheric WindsWind profile (horizontal) 
Cloud particle properties and profileCloud liquid water (TC) 
Precipitation Profile (liquid or solid) 
Cloud ice content (at cloud top) 
Cloud drop size (at cloud top) 
Cloud optical depth 
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperatureCloud imagery 
Cloud type 
Cloud cover 
Cloud top height 
Cloud top temperature 
Liquid water and precipitation ratePrecipitation rate (liquid) at the surface 
Precipitation index (daily cumulative) 
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Fire area 
Multi-purpose imagery (ocean)Ocean imagery and water leaving radiance 
Radiation budgetDownwelling (Incoming) solar radiation at TOA 
Downwelling (Incoming) short-wave radiation at the Earth surface 
Downwelling (Incoming) long-wave radiation at the Earth surface 
Surface temperature (land)Land surface temperature 
Fire temperature 
Surface temperature (ocean)Sea surface temperature 
Instrument Missions
GOES-16 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite 16 (2016 - 2026)
GOES-S - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - S (2018 - 2029)
GOES-T - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - T (2020 - 2033)
GOES-U - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - U (2024 - 2038)
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