THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - S-band SAR (NISAR) -
Full Name S-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) (NISAR) Status Proposed
Instrument Agencies ISRO Maturity
Instrument Type Imaging microwave radars Geometry Side-looking
Instrument Technology Imaging radar (SAR) Sampling Imaging
Data Access Open Access Data Format TBD
Measurements and Applications 3-year mission to study solid earth deformation (earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides), changes in ice (glaciers, sea ice) and changes in vegetation biomass
Resolution Summary At 12-day repeat, global coverage, 10m resolution
[Best Resolution: 1m]
Swath Summary 240 km
[Max Swath: 240 km]
Accuracy Summary TBD
Waveband Summary S-Band: 4-2 GHz
MW (~1.0 cm - ~100 cm)
S-Band (4 - 2 GHz)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
Soil moistureSoil moisture at the surface 
Instrument Missions
NISAR - NASA ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (2021 - 2025)
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