THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - TIRS-2 -
Full Name Thermal Infrared Sensor - 2 Status Approved
Instrument Agencies USGS, NASA Maturity
Instrument Type Imaging multi-spectral radiometers (vis/IR) Geometry Push-broom scanning
Instrument Technology Narrow-band channel IR radiometer Sampling Imaging
Data Access Open Access Data Format
Measurements and Applications Measures surface radiance and emittance, lands cover state and change (eg vegetation type). Used as multipurpose imagery for land applications. TIRS-2 will adhere to the Landsat 8 TIRS instrument performance specifications, but will be built to NASA Class-B instrument standards (including a 5-year design life).
Resolution Summary 100 m
[Best Resolution: 100m]
Swath Summary 185 km
[Max Swath: 185 km]
Accuracy Summary
Waveband Summary TIR 10.5 µm and 12 µm
TIR (~6.0 µm - ~15.0 µm)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
Albedo and reflectanceEarth surface albedo 
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperatureCloud imagery 
Cloud cover 
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Fire area 
Radiation budgetLong-wave Earth surface emissivity 
Sea ice cover, edge and thicknessSea-ice cover 
Sea-ice surface temperature 
Iceberg fractional cover 
Glacier cover 
Snow cover, edge and depthSnow cover 
Surface temperature (land)Permafrost 
Land surface temperature 
Fire temperature 
VegetationLand cover 
Instrument Missions
Landsat 9 - Landsat 9 (2020 - 2025)
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