THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - TM -
Full Name Thematic Mapper Status No longer operational
Instrument Agencies USGS, NASA Maturity High Heritage - Operational
Instrument Type Imaging multi-spectral radiometers (vis/IR) Geometry Cross-track scanning
Instrument Technology High resolution optical imager Sampling Imaging
Data Access Open Access Data Format
Measurements and Applications Measures surface radiance and emittance, lands cover state and change (eg vegetation type). Used as multipurpose imagery for land applications. Declared no longer operational June 4, 2012.
Resolution Summary VIS - SWIR, 30 m; TIR: 120 m
[Best Resolution: 30m]
Swath Summary 185 km
[Max Swath: 185 km]
Accuracy Summary
Waveband Summary VIS - TIR: 7 bands: 0.45 - 12.5 µm
VIS (~0.40 µm - ~0.75 µm)
NIR (~0.75 µm - ~1.3 µm)
SWIR (~1.3 µm - ~3.0 µm)
TIR (~6.0 µm - ~15.0 µm)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
Albedo and reflectanceFractionally absorbed PAR (FPAR) 
Earth surface albedo 
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperatureCloud imagery 
Cloud cover 
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Fire area 
Land surface imagery 
Multi-purpose imagery (ocean)Ocean imagery and water leaving radiance 
Sea ice cover, edge and thicknessSea-ice cover 
Sea-ice surface temperature 
Iceberg fractional cover 
Iceberg height 
Glacier cover 
Snow cover, edge and depthSnow cover 
Surface temperature (land)Permafrost 
Land surface temperature 
Fire temperature 
VegetationNormalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI) 
Leaf Area Index (LAI) 
Vegetation type 
Land cover 
Instrument Missions
Landsat-4 - Landsat-4 (1982 - 1993)
Landsat 5 - Landsat 5 (1984 - 2013)
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