THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - MSS (Landsat) -
Full Name Multispectral Scanner Status No longer operational
Instrument Agencies USGS, NASA Maturity High Heritage - Operational
Instrument Type Imaging multi-spectral radiometers (vis/IR) Geometry Cross-track scanning
Instrument Technology Multi-purpose imaging Vis/IR radiometer Sampling Imaging
Data Access Open Access Data Format
Measurements and Applications Measures surface radiance. Data mostly used for land applications.
Resolution Summary VIS-NIR: 80 m
[Best Resolution: 80m]
Swath Summary 185 km
[Max Swath: 185 km]
Accuracy Summary
Waveband Summary VIS - NIR: 4 bands: 0.5 - 1.1 µm
VIS (~0.40 µm - ~0.75 µm)
NIR (~0.75 µm - ~1.3 µm)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Fire area 
Sea ice cover, edge and thicknessIceberg fractional cover 
Iceberg height 
Instrument Missions
Landsat-4 - Landsat-4 (1982 - 1993)
Landsat 5 - Landsat 5 (1984 - 2013)
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