THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - VIIRS -
Full Name Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite Status Operational
Instrument Agencies NOAA, NASA Maturity Medium Heritage
Instrument Type Imaging multi-spectral radiometers (vis/IR) and Ocean colour instruments Geometry Cross-track scanning
Instrument Technology Multi-purpose imaging Vis/IR radiometer Sampling Imaging
Data Access Open Access Data Format HDF5
Measurements and Applications Global observations of land, ocean, and atmosphere parameters: cloud/weather imagery, sea-surface temperature, ocean colour, land surface vegetation indices.
Resolution Summary 400 m - 1.6 km
[Best Resolution: 400m]
Swath Summary 3000 km
[Max Swath: 3000 km]
Accuracy Summary SST 0.35 K
Waveband Summary VIS - TIR: 0.4 - 12.5 µm (22 channels)
VIS (~0.40 µm - ~0.75 µm)
NIR (~0.75 µm - ~1.3 µm)
SWIR (~1.3 µm - ~3.0 µm)
MWIR (~3.0 µm - ~6.0 µm)
TIR (~6.0 µm - ~15.0 µm)
Instrument Measurements
Measurements Overview
CategoryParameter
AerosolsAerosol optical depth (LT, HT, LS, HS&M, TC)
Aerosol absorption optical depth (LT, HT, LS, HS&M, TC)
Albedo and reflectanceEarth surface albedo
Atmospheric Temperature FieldsCloud base height
Atmospheric WindsWind vector over land surface (horizontal)
Cloud particle properties and profileCloud optical depth
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperatureCloud imagery
Cloud type
Cloud cover
Cloud top height
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Fire fractional cover
Land surface imagery
Multi-purpose imagery (ocean)Ocean imagery and water leaving spectral radiance
Ocean colour/biologyOcean chlorophyll concentration
Radiation budgetUpward short-wave irradiance at TOA
Upwelling (Outgoing) long-wave radiation at Earth surface
Sea ice cover, edge and thicknessSea-ice type
Sea-ice surface temperature
Snow cover, edge and depthSnow cover
Soil moistureSoil moisture at the surface
Surface temperature (land)Land surface temperature
Fire temperature
Surface temperature (ocean)Sea surface temperature
VegetationNormalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI)
Leaf Area Index (LAI)
Vegetation type
Land cover
Soil type
Thematic Links Global Climate Observing System Essential Climate Variables (GCOS ECVs)
ECVDescriptionProduct(s)ECV Inventory 3.0 Record(s)
Aerosols properties click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Albedo click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Cloud Properties click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Earth Radiation Budget click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Fire click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Land cover click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Land Surface Temperature click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Leaf Area Index (LAI) click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Ocean Colour click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Sea Surface Temperature click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Snow click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Soil Moisture click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Instrument Missions
DWSS
Suomi NPP - Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (2011 - 2026)
NPOESS-1 - National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System - 1 (2013 - 2020)
NPOESS-2 - National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System - 2 (2016 - 2022)
JPSS-1 - Joint Polar Satellite System - 1 (2017 - 2027)
NPOESS-5 - National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System - 4 (2018 - 2023)
NPOESS-3 - National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System - 3 (2018 - 2025)
NPOESS-6 - National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System - 4 (2019 - 2024)
NPOESS-4 - National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System - 4 (2020 - 2027)
JPSS-2 - Joint Polar Satellite System - 2 (2022 - 2028)
JPSS-3 - Joint Polar Satellite System - 3 (Polar Follow-on) (2027 - 2034)
JPSS-4 - Joint Polar Satellite System - 4 (Polar Follow-0n) (2032 - 2039)
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