THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - VIIRS -
Full Name Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite Status Operational
Instrument Agencies NOAA, NASA Maturity Medium Heritage
Instrument Type Imaging multi-spectral radiometers (vis/IR) and Ocean colour instruments Geometry Cross-track scanning
Instrument Technology Multi-purpose imaging Vis/IR radiometer Sampling Imaging
Data Access Open Access Data Format
Measurements and Applications Global observations of land, ocean, and atmosphere parameters: cloud/weather imagery, sea-surface temperature, ocean colour, land surface vegetation indices.
Resolution Summary 400 m - 1.6 km
[Best Resolution: 400m]
Swath Summary 3000 km
[Max Swath: 3000 km]
Accuracy Summary SST 0.35 K
Waveband Summary VIS - TIR: 0.4 - 12.5 µm (22 channels)
VIS (~0.40 µm - ~0.75 µm)
NIR (~0.75 µm - ~1.3 µm)
SWIR (~1.3 µm - ~3.0 µm)
MWIR (~3.0 µm - ~6.0 µm)
TIR (~6.0 µm - ~15.0 µm)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
AerosolsAerosol optical depth (LT, HT, LS, HS&M, TC) 
Aerosol absorption optical depth (LT, HT, LS, HS&M, TC) 
Albedo and reflectanceEarth surface albedo 
Atmospheric Temperature FieldsCloud base height 
Atmospheric WindsWind vector over land surface (horizontal) 
Cloud particle properties and profileCloud optical depth 
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperatureCloud imagery 
Cloud type 
Cloud cover 
Cloud top height 
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Fire area 
Land surface imagery 
Multi-purpose imagery (ocean)Ocean imagery and water leaving radiance 
Ocean colour/biologyOcean chlorophyll concentration 
Radiation budgetUpwelling (Outgoing) short-wave radiation at TOA 
Upwelling (Outgoing) long-wave radiation at Earth surface 
Sea ice cover, edge and thicknessSea-ice type 
Sea-ice surface temperature 
Snow cover, edge and depthSnow cover 
Soil moistureSoil moisture at the surface 
Surface temperature (land)Land surface temperature 
Fire temperature 
Surface temperature (ocean)Sea surface temperature 
VegetationNormalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI) 
Leaf Area Index (LAI) 
Vegetation type 
Land cover 
Soil type 
Instrument Missions
DWSS
Suomi NPP - Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (2011 - 2020)
NPOESS-1 - National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System - 1 (2013 - 2020)
NPOESS-2 - National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System - 2 (2016 - 2022)
JPSS-1 - Joint Polar Satellite System - 1 (2017 - 2024)
NPOESS-5 - National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System - 4 (2018 - 2023)
NPOESS-3 - National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System - 3 (2018 - 2025)
NPOESS-6 - National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System - 4 (2019 - 2024)
NPOESS-4 - National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System - 4 (2020 - 2027)
JPSS-2 - Joint Polar Satellite System - 2 (2021 - 2028)
JPSS-3 - Joint Polar Satellite System - 3 (Polar Follow-on) (2026 - 2033)
JPSS-4 - Joint Polar Satellite System - 4 (Polar Follow-0n) (2031 - 2038)
Copyright CEOS | About | Site Search Researched and written by Symbios