THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
Full Name Operational Land Imager-2 Status Being developed
Instrument Agencies NASA, USGS Maturity
Instrument Type Imaging multi-spectral radiometers (vis/IR) Geometry Push-broom scanning
Instrument Technology High resolution optical imager Sampling Imaging
Data Access Open Access Data Format GeoTIFF
Measurements and Applications Measures surface radiance, land cover state and change (e.g., vegetation type). Used as multi-purpose imagery for land applications.
Resolution Summary Pan: 15 m, VIS - SWIR: 30 m
[Best Resolution: 15m]
Swath Summary 185 km
[Max Swath: 185 km]
Accuracy Summary Absolute geodetic accuracy of 32 m; relative geodetic accuracy of 18 m (excluding terrain effects); geometric accuracy of 12 m or better
Waveband Summary VIS - SWIR: 9 bands: 0.43 - 2.3 µm
VIS (~0.40 µm - ~0.75 µm)
NIR (~0.75 µm - ~1.3 µm)
SWIR (~1.3 µm - ~3.0 µm)
Instrument Measurements
Albedo and reflectanceFractionally absorbed PAR (FPAR) 
Earth surface albedo 
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperatureCloud imagery 
Cloud cover 
Landscape topographyLand surface topography 
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Glacier topography 
Fire area 
Land surface imagery 
Multi-purpose imagery (ocean)Ocean imagery and water leaving radiance 
Ocean colour/biologyOcean chlorophyll concentration 
Ocean topography/currentsBathymetry 
Radiation budgetShort-wave Earth surface bi-directional reflectance 
Long-wave Earth surface emissivity 
Sea ice cover, edge and thicknessSea-ice cover 
Sea-ice surface temperature 
Iceberg fractional cover 
Iceberg height 
Glacier cover 
Snow cover, edge and depthSnow cover 
Surface temperature (land)Permafrost 
Fire temperature 
VegetationNormalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI) 
Leaf Area Index (LAI) 
Vegetation type 
Land cover 
Instrument Missions
Landsat 9 - Landsat 9 (2020 - 2025)
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