THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – MISSION SUMMARY - NOAA-18 -
Full Name National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 18 Status Currently being flown
Mission Agencies NOAA Launch Date 20 May 2005
Mission Links mission site EOL Date Dec 2019
EO Portal Info NORAD Catalog # 28654 (TLE)
International Designator 2005-018A
Orbit Type Sun-synchronous Orbit Period 102.1 minutes
Orbit Sense Ascending Orbit Inclination 98.75 deg
Orbit Altitude 870 km Orbit Longitude
Orbit LST 14:00 Repeat Cycle
Objectives and Applications Meteorology, agriculture and forestry, environmental monitoring, climatology, physical oceanography, volcanic eruption monitoring, ice and snow cover, total ozone studies, space environment, solar flux analysis, search and rescue. The EOL date is based on a reliability and health & status analysis; the date shown is at the 60% confidence level.
Mission Measurements
CategoryParameterInstrument(s)
AtmosphereAerosols AVHRR/3
Atmospheric Humidity Fields AMSU-A, HIRS/4, MHS
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperature AMSU-A, AVHRR/3, HIRS/4, MHS
Cloud particle properties and profile AMSU-A, MHS
Liquid water and precipitation rate AMSU-A, AVHRR/3, MHS
Ozone HIRS/4, SBUV/2
Radiation budget AMSU-A, AVHRR/3, HIRS/4, SBUV/2
Trace gases (excluding ozone) HIRS/4
Atmospheric Temperature Fields AMSU-A, HIRS/4
Gravity and Magnetic FieldsGravity, Magnetic and Geodynamic measurements SEM (POES)
LandAlbedo and reflectance AVHRR/3
Soil moisture AMSU-A
Vegetation AVHRR/3
Surface temperature (land) AMSU-A, AVHRR/3, HIRS/4
Multi-purpose imagery (land) AVHRR/3
OceanOcean surface winds AMSU-A
Surface temperature (ocean) AVHRR/3, HIRS/4
Multi-purpose imagery (ocean) AVHRR/3
Snow & IceSnow cover, edge and depth AMSU-A, AVHRR/3
Sea ice cover, edge and thickness AMSU-A, AVHRR/3
Mission Instruments
A-DCS3 - A-DCS3
AMSU-A - Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A
AVHRR/3 - Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3
HIRS/4 - High Resolution Infra-red Sounder/4
MHS - Microwave Humidity Sounder
NOAA Comms - Communications package for NOAA
S&R (NOAA) - Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking
SBUV/2 - Solar Backscattter Ultra-Violet Instrument/2
SEM (POES) - Space Environment Monitor
OpenSearch Datasets Selected IDN OpenSearch Results (search all 86 )
Alaska AVHRR Twice-Monthly Composites
AMSU/MSU Lowstratosphere Day/Month Temperature Anomalies and Annual Cycle V6
AMSU/MSU Lowtroposphere Day/Month Temperature Anomalies and Annual Cycle V6
AMSU/MSU Midtroposphere Day/Month Temperature Anomalies and Annual Cycle V6
AMSU/MSU Tropopause Day/Month Temperature Anomalies and Annual Cycle V6
AVHRR 1-km Global Land 10-Day Composites
AVHRR Pathfinder version 5.2 level 3 collated (L3C) global 4km sea surface temperature for 1981-2012
CEOS Cal Val Test Site - Algeria 3 - Pseudo-Invariant Calibration Site (PICS)
CEOS Cal Val Test Site - Algeria 5 - Pseudo-Invariant Calibration Site (PICS)
CEOS Cal Val Test Site - Dome C, Antarctica - Instrumented Site

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