THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
Full Name Meteorological Operational Polar Satellite - B
aka Metop-1
Status Operational (nominal)
Mission Agencies EUMETSAT, CNES, ESA, NOAA Launch Date 17 Sep 2012
Mission Links mission site | data access portal EOL Date Aug 2024
EO Portal Info NORAD Catalog # 38771 (TLE)
International Designator 2012-049A
Orbit Type Sun-synchronous Orbit Period 101.4 minutes
Orbit Sense Descending Orbit Inclination 98.7 deg
Orbit Altitude 824 km Orbit Longitude
Orbit LST 9:30 Repeat Cycle 29 days
Objectives and Applications Meteorology, climatology. Due to a hardware problem on the Metop-B satellite, the A-DCS3 instrument is only supporting an ARGOS-2 service.
Mission Measurements
AtmosphereAerosols AVHRR/3, GOME-2
Atmospheric Humidity Fields AMSU-A, GOME-2, GRAS, HIRS/4, IASI, MHS
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperature AMSU-A, AVHRR/3, GOME-2, HIRS/4, IASI, MHS
Cloud particle properties and profile AMSU-A, MHS
Liquid water and precipitation rate AMSU-A, AVHRR/3, MHS
Ozone GOME-2, HIRS/4, IASI
Radiation budget AMSU-A, AVHRR/3, GOME-2, HIRS/4, IASI
Trace gases (excluding ozone) HIRS/4, IASI
Atmospheric Temperature Fields AMSU-A, GRAS, HIRS/4, IASI
Gravity and Magnetic FieldsGravity, Magnetic and Geodynamic measurements SEM (POES)
LandAlbedo and reflectance AVHRR/3
Soil moisture AMSU-A, ASCAT
Vegetation AVHRR/3
Surface temperature (land) AMSU-A, AVHRR/3, HIRS/4, IASI
Multi-purpose imagery (land) AVHRR/3
OceanOcean surface winds AMSU-A, ASCAT
Surface temperature (ocean) AVHRR/3, HIRS/4, IASI
Multi-purpose imagery (ocean) AVHRR/3
Snow & IceSnow cover, edge and depth AMSU-A, AVHRR/3
Sea ice cover, edge and thickness AMSU-A, ASCAT, AVHRR/3
Mission Instruments
AMSU-A - Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A
ASCAT - Advanced Scatterometer
AVHRR/3 - Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3
GOME-2 - Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment - 2
GRAS - GNSS Receiver for Atmospheric Sounding
HIRS/4 - High Resolution Infra-red Sounder/4
IASI - Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer
MHS - Microwave Humidity Sounder
S&R (NOAA) - Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking
SEM (POES) - Space Environment Monitor
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This collection is composed of AVHRR Level 1B products (1.1 km) reprocessed from the NOAA POES and Metop AVHRR sensors data acquired at the University of Dundee and University of Bern ground stations and from the ESA and University of Bern data historical archive. The data collection covers Europe and the neighbouring regions in the period of 1 January 1981 to 31 December 2019. Access is provided through the ESA TPM scheme. Read more

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