THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – MISSION SUMMARY - NOAA-12 -
Full Name National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 12 Status Mission complete
Mission Agencies NOAA Launch Date 14 May 1991
Mission Links mission site EOL Date 31 Dec 2005
EO Portal Info
Orbit Type Sun-synchronous Orbit Period 101.3 minutes
Orbit Sense Descending Orbit Inclination 98.5 deg
Orbit Altitude 850 km Orbit Longitude
Orbit LST 4:49 Repeat Cycle
Objectives and Applications Meteorology, agriculture and forestry, environmental monitoring, climatology, physical oceanography, Volcanic eruption monitoring, ice and snow cover, total ozone studies, space environment, solar flux analysis.
Mission Measurements
CategoryParameterInstrument(s)
AtmosphereAtmospheric Humidity Fields HIRS/2
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperature AVHRR/2, HIRS/2
Liquid water and precipitation rate MSU
Ozone HIRS/2
Radiation budget AVHRR/2, HIRS/2
Trace gases (excluding ozone) HIRS/2
Atmospheric Temperature Fields HIRS/2, MSU, SSU
Gravity and Magnetic FieldsGravity, Magnetic and Geodynamic measurements SEM (POES)
LandVegetation AVHRR/2
Surface temperature (land) HIRS/2
Multi-purpose imagery (land) AVHRR/2
OceanSurface temperature (ocean) AVHRR/2
Snow & IceSnow cover, edge and depth AVHRR/2
Mission Instruments
ARGOS-3 - ARGOS-3
AVHRR/2 - Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/2
HIRS/2 - High Resolution Infra-red Sounder/2
MSU - Microwave Sounding Unit
NOAA Comms - Communications package for NOAA
SEM (POES) - Space Environment Monitor
SSU - Stratospheric Sounding Unit
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