THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – AGENCY SUMMARY - ESA
Agency Name Full European Space Agency CEOS Member yes
Agency Country Europe Agency Website http://www.esa.int
Agency Mission Timeline click here
Agency Series
SeriesMissions
EPSMetop-A, Metop-B, Metop-C
ERSERS-1, ERS-2
MeteosatMeteosat-1, Meteosat-2, Meteosat-3, Meteosat-4, Meteosat-5, Meteosat-6, Meteosat-7, Meteosat-8, Meteosat-9, Meteosat-10, Meteosat-11
METOP-SG AMETOP-SG A1, METOP-SG A2, METOP-SG A3
METOP-SG BMETOP-SG B1, METOP-SG B2, METOP-SG B3
MTG-I (imaging)MTG-I1 (imaging), MTG-I2 (imaging), MTG-I3 (imaging), MTG-I4 (imaging)
MTG-S (sounding)MTG-S1 (sounding), MTG-S2 (sounding)
Sentinel-1Sentinel-1 A, Sentinel-1 B, Sentinel-1 C, Sentinel-1 D
Sentinel-2Sentinel-2 A, Sentinel-2 B, Sentinel-2 C, Sentinel-2 D
Sentinel-3Sentinel-3 A, Sentinel-3 B, Sentinel-3 C, Sentinel-3 D
Sentinel-4Sentinel-4 A, Sentinel-4 B
Sentinel-5Sentinel-5 A, Sentinel-5 B, Sentinel-5 C
Sentinel-6Sentinel-6 A Michael Freilich, Sentinel-6 B
Current Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
Odin 20 Feb 2001 Dec 2020 OSIRIS, SMR
PROBA 22 Oct 2001 Dec 2020 CHRIS, HRC
Meteosat-8 28 Aug 2002 Jan 2022 GERB, MSG Comms, SEVIRI
SCISAT-1 12 Aug 2003 Mar 2024 ACE-FTS, MAESTRO
Meteosat-9 22 Dec 2005 Jan 2025 GERB, MSG Comms, SEVIRI
Metop-A 19 Oct 2006 Dec 2021 A-DCS3, AMSU-A, ASCAT, AVHRR/3, GOME-2, GRAS, HIRS/4, IASI, MHS, S&R (NOAA), SEM (POES)
SMOS 02 Nov 2009 Dec 2021 MIRAS (SMOS)
CryoSat-2 08 Apr 2010 Dec 2020 DORIS-NG, Laser Reflectors (ESA), SIRAL
Meteosat-10 05 Jul 2012 Sep 2030 GERB, MSG Comms, SEVIRI
Metop-B 17 Sep 2012 Sep 2024 A-DCS3, AMSU-A, ASCAT, AVHRR/3, GOME-2, GRAS, HIRS/4, IASI, MHS, S&R (NOAA), SEM (POES)
PROBA-V 07 May 2013 Dec 2020 Vegetation
Swarm 22 Nov 2013 Dec 2021 ACC, ASM, EFI, GPS Receiver (Swarm), Laser Reflectors (ESA), STR, VFM
Sentinel-1 A 03 Apr 2014 Jul 2024 C-Band SAR
Sentinel-2 A 23 Jun 2015 Jul 2025 MSI (Sentinel-2)
Meteosat-11 15 Jul 2015 Dec 2033 GERB, MSG Comms, SEVIRI
Sentinel-3 A 16 Feb 2016 Jan 2026 OLCI, SLSTR, SRAL
Sentinel-1 B 25 Apr 2016 Mar 2026 C-Band SAR
Sentinel-2 B 06 Mar 2017 Feb 2027 MSI (Sentinel-2)
Sentinel-5 precursor 13 Oct 2017 Sep 2027 UVNS (Sentinel-5 precursor)
GOMX4 02 Feb 2018 Dec 2020 HyperScout
Sentinel-3 B 25 Apr 2018 Aug 2028 OLCI, SLSTR, SRAL
ADM-Aeolus 22 Aug 2018 Aug 2022 ALADIN
Metop-C 07 Nov 2018 Sep 2023 A-DCS3, AMSU-A, ASCAT, AVHRR/3, GOME-2, GRAS, IASI, MHS, SEM (POES)
PhiSat-1 03 Sep 2020 Sep 2021 HyperScout-2
Sentinel-6 A Michael Freilich 21 Nov 2020 Jun 2026 AMR-C, DORIS-NG, GNSS POD Receiver, GNSS-RO Receiver, LRA (Sentinel-6), Poseidon-4 Altimeter
Approved Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
MTG-I1 (imaging) Sep 2022 Mar 2031 FCI, LI
EarthCARE Sep 2022 Sep 2025 ATLID, BBR (EarthCARE), CPR (EarthCARE), MSI (EarthCARE)
Biomass Oct 2022 Apr 2028 P-Band SAR
Sentinel-1 C Dec 2022 Nov 2032 C-Band SAR
Sentinel-2 C Mar 2023 Feb 2033 MSI (Sentinel-2)
Sentinel-3 C Sep 2023 Aug 2033 OLCI, SLSTR, SRAL
Sentinel-4 A Oct 2023 Apr 2032 UVN (Sentinel-4)
MTG-S1 (sounding) Oct 2023 Apr 2032 IRS, UVN
METOP-SG A1 Oct 2023 Apr 2031 3MI, IASI-NG, METimage, MWS, RO, UVNS (Sentinel-5)
Sentinel-5 A Oct 2023 Apr 2031 UVNS (Sentinel-5)
Sentinel-1 D Jan 2024 Feb 2034 C-Band SAR
FLEX Apr 2024 Apr 2027 FLORIS
Sentinel-5 B Oct 2024 Apr 2032 UVNS (Sentinel-5)
METOP-SG B1 Oct 2024 Apr 2032 A-DCS4, ICI, MWI, RO, SCA
Sentinel-2 D Jan 2025 Jan 2035 MSI (Sentinel-2)
MTG-I2 (imaging) Apr 2025 Oct 2033 FCI, LI
Sentinel-3 D Jan 2026 Dec 2035 OLCI, SLSTR, SRAL
METOP-SG A2 Nov 2030 May 2038 3MI, IASI-NG, METimage, MWS, RO, UVNS (Sentinel-5)
MTG-I3 (imaging) Jan 2031 Jul 2039 FCI, LI
METOP-SG B2 Nov 2031 May 2039 A-DCS4, ICI, MWI, RO, SCA
Sentinel-4 B Jan 2032 Jul 2040 UVN (Sentinel-4)
MTG-S2 (sounding) Jan 2032 Jul 2040 IRS, UVN
MTG-I4 (imaging) Apr 2033 Oct 2041 FCI, LI
METOP-SG A3 Nov 2037 May 2045 3MI, IASI-NG, METimage, MWS, RO, UVNS (Sentinel-5)
METOP-SG B3 Nov 2038 May 2046 A-DCS4, ICI, MWI, RO, SCA
Sentinel-5 C Dec 2038 Dec 2046 UVNS (Sentinel-5)
Planned Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
Sentinel-6 B 2025 2031 AMR-C, DORIS-NG, GNSS POD Receiver, GNSS-RO Receiver, LRA (Sentinel-6), Poseidon-4 Altimeter
Considered Missions
None.
Completed Missions
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
Meteosat-1 23 Nov 1977 24 Nov 1979 -
Meteosat-2 19 Jun 1981 02 Dec 1991 -
Meteosat-3 15 Jun 1988 01 Aug 1991 Meteosat Comms, MVIRI
Meteosat-4 06 Mar 1989 08 Nov 1995 Meteosat Comms, MVIRI
Meteosat-5 02 Mar 1991 26 Apr 2007 Meteosat Comms, MVIRI
ERS-1 17 Jul 1991 07 Mar 2000 AMI/SAR/Image, AMI/SAR/Wave, AMI/Scatterometer, ATSR, ATSR/M, ERS Comms, MWR, RA
Meteosat-6 20 Nov 1993 02 May 2011 Meteosat Comms, MVIRI
ERS-2 21 Apr 1995 04 Jul 2011 AMI/SAR/Image, AMI/SAR/Wave, AMI/Scatterometer, ATSR/M, ATSR-2, ERS Comms, GOME, MWR, RA
Meteosat-7 02 Sep 1997 11 Apr 2017 Meteosat Comms, MVIRI
Envisat 01 Mar 2002 08 Apr 2012 AATSR, ASAR, ASAR (image mode), ASAR (wave mode), DORIS-NG, ENVISAT Comms, GOMOS, MERIS, MIPAS, MWR, RA-2, SCIAMACHY
GRACE 17 Mar 2002 27 Oct 2017 GRACE instrument
CryoSat 08 Oct 2005 08 Oct 2005 DORIS-NG, Laser Reflectors (ESA), SIRAL
GOCE 17 Mar 2009 21 Oct 2013 EGG, GPS (ESA), Laser Reflectors (ESA), LRR, SSTI
TDS-1 08 Jul 2014 31 May 2019 SGR-ReSI
SEOSAT/Ingenio 17 Nov 2020 17 Nov 2020 PAN+MS (RGB+NIR)
Operational Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
ACCSwarm
ALADINADM-Aeolus
AMR-CSentinel-6 A Michael Freilich, Sentinel-6 B
ASCATMetop-B, Metop-C, Metop-A
C-Band SARSentinel-1 A, Sentinel-1 B, Sentinel-1 C, Sentinel-1 D
CHRISPROBA
EFISwarm
GERBMeteosat-8, Meteosat-9, Meteosat-10, Meteosat-11
GNSS POD ReceiverSentinel-6 A Michael Freilich, Sentinel-6 B
GOME-2Metop-B, Metop-C, Metop-A
GPS Receiver (Swarm)Swarm
GRACE instrumentGRACE-FO, GRACE-II, GRACE
GRASMetop-B, Metop-C, Metop-A
HRCPROBA
HyperScoutGOMX4
HyperScout-2PhiSat-1
Laser Reflectors (ESA)Swarm, CryoSat-2, GOCE, CryoSat
LRA (Sentinel-6)Sentinel-6 A Michael Freilich, Sentinel-6 B
MIRAS (SMOS)SMOS
MSI (Sentinel-2)Sentinel-2 A, Sentinel-2 B, Sentinel-2 C, Sentinel-2 D
OLCISentinel-3 A, Sentinel-3 B, Sentinel-3 C, Sentinel-3 D
Poseidon-4 AltimeterSentinel-6 A Michael Freilich, Sentinel-6 B
SEVIRIMeteosat-8, Meteosat-9, Meteosat-10, Meteosat-11
SIRALCryoSat-2, CryoSat
SLSTRSentinel-3 A, Sentinel-3 B, Sentinel-3 C, Sentinel-3 D
SRALSentinel-3 A, Sentinel-3 B, Sentinel-3 C, Sentinel-3 D
STRSwarm
UVNS (Sentinel-5 precursor)Sentinel-5 precursor
VegetationPROBA-V
VFMSwarm
Prototype Instruments None.
Instruments Being Developed
InstrumentMission(s)
3MIMETOP-SG A1, METOP-SG A2, METOP-SG A3
FCIMTG-I1 (imaging), MTG-I2 (imaging), MTG-I3 (imaging), MTG-I4 (imaging)
ICIMETOP-SG B1, METOP-SG B2, METOP-SG B3
IRSMTG-S1 (sounding), MTG-S2 (sounding), MTG-S1, MTG-S2
LIMTG-I1 (imaging), MTG-I2 (imaging), MTG-I3 (imaging), MTG-I4 (imaging)
MWIMETOP-SG B1, METOP-SG B2, METOP-SG B3
MWSMETOP-SG A1, METOP-SG A2, METOP-SG A3
PAN+MS (RGB+NIR)SEOSAT/Ingenio
P-Band SARBiomass
ROMETOP-SG A1, METOP-SG B1, METOP-SG A2, METOP-SG A3, METOP-SG B2, METOP-SG B3
SCAMETOP-SG B1, METOP-SG B2, METOP-SG B3
UVNS (Sentinel-5)METOP-SG A1, Sentinel-5 A, Sentinel-5 B, METOP-SG A2, METOP-SG A3, Sentinel-5 C
Approved Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
ATLIDEarthCARE, ESA Future Missions
BBR (EarthCARE)EarthCARE
FLORISFLEX
MSI (EarthCARE)EarthCARE
UVNMTG-S1 (sounding), MTG-S2 (sounding), MTG-S1, MTG-S2
Proposed Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
UVN (Sentinel-4)Sentinel-4 A, Sentinel-4 B
TBD Instruments None.
No Longer Operational Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
AMI/SAR/ImageERS-1, ERS-2
AMI/SAR/WaveERS-1, ERS-2
AMI/ScatterometerERS-1, ERS-2
ASAREnvisat
ASAR (image mode)Envisat
ASAR (wave mode)Envisat
EGGGOCE
ENVISAT CommsEnvisat
ERS CommsERS-1, ERS-2
GOMEERS-2
GOMOSEnvisat
GPS (ESA)GOCE
LRRGOCE
MERISEnvisat
MIPASEnvisat
MVIRIMeteosat-5, Meteosat-3, Meteosat-4, Meteosat-6, Meteosat-7
MWREnvisat, ERS-1, ERS-2
RAERS-1, ERS-2
RA-2Envisat
SCIAMACHYEnvisat
SSTIGOCE
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