THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – AGENCY SUMMARY - ESA
Agency Name Full European Space Agency CEOS Member yes
Agency Country Europe Agency Website http://www.esa.int
Agency Mission Timeline click here
Agency Series
SeriesMissions
EPSMetop-A, Metop-B, Metop-C
ERSERS-1, ERS-2
MeteosatMeteosat-1, Meteosat-2, Meteosat-3, Meteosat-4, Meteosat-5, Meteosat-6, Meteosat-7, Meteosat-8, Meteosat-9, Meteosat-10, Meteosat-11
METOP-SG AMETOP-SG A1, METOP-SG A2, METOP-SG A3
MTG-I (imaging)MTG-I1 (imaging), MTG-I2 (imaging), MTG-I3 (imaging), MTG-I4 (imaging)
MTG-S (sounding)MTG-S1 (sounding), MTG-S2 (sounding)
Sentinel-1Sentinel-1 A, Sentinel-1 B, Sentinel-1 C, Sentinel-1 D
Sentinel-2Sentinel-2 A, Sentinel-2 B, Sentinel-2 C
Sentinel-3Sentinel-3 A, Sentinel-3 B, Sentinel-3 C
Sentinel-4Sentinel-4 A, Sentinel-4 B
Sentinel-5Sentinel-5 A, Sentinel-5 B
Sentinel-6Sentinel-6 A, Sentinel-6 B
Current Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
Meteosat-7 02 Sep 1997 Mar 2017 Meteosat Comms, MVIRI
Odin 20 Feb 2001 Dec 2017 OSIRIS, SMR
PROBA 22 Oct 2001 Dec 2016 CHRIS, HRC
GRACE 17 Mar 2002 Sep 2017 GRACE instrument
Meteosat-8 28 Aug 2002 Jan 2019 GERB, MSG Comms, SEVIRI
SCISAT-1 12 Aug 2003 Mar 2018 ACE-FTS, MAESTRO
Meteosat-9 22 Dec 2005 Jan 2021 GERB, MSG Comms, SEVIRI
Metop-A 19 Oct 2006 Jul 2019 AMSU-A, ARGOS-3, ASCAT, AVHRR/3, GOME-2, GRAS, HIRS/4, IASI, MHS, S&R (NOAA), SEM (POES)
SMOS 02 Nov 2009 Feb 2017 MIRAS (SMOS)
CryoSat-2 08 Apr 2010 Dec 2021 DORIS-NG, Laser Reflectors (ESA), SIRAL
Meteosat-10 05 Jul 2012 Jan 2022 GERB, MSG Comms, SEVIRI
Metop-B 17 Sep 2012 Sep 2024 AMSU-A, ARGOS-3, ASCAT, AVHRR/3, GOME-2, GRAS, HIRS/4, IASI, MHS, S&R (NOAA), SEM (POES)
PROBA-V 07 May 2013 May 2018 Vegetation
Swarm 22 Nov 2013 Nov 2017 ACC, ASM, EFI, GPS Receiver (Swarm), Laser Reflectors (ESA), STR, VFM
Sentinel-1 A 03 Apr 2014 Jan 2021 C-Band SAR
Sentinel-2 A 22 Jun 2015 May 2022 MSI (Sentinel-2)
Meteosat-11 15 Jul 2015 Jul 2025 GERB, MSG Comms, SEVIRI
Sentinel-3 A 16 Feb 2016 Jan 2023 OLCI, SLSTR, SRAL
Sentinel-1 B 25 Apr 2016 Apr 2023 C-Band SAR
Approved Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
Sentinel-5 precursor Nov 2016 Nov 2023 UVNS (Sentinel-5 precursor)
Sentinel-2 B May 2017 Mar 2024 MSI (Sentinel-2)
ADM-Aeolus Jul 2017 Jul 2021 ALADIN
Sentinel-3 B Feb 2018 Sep 2025 OLCI, SLSTR, SRAL
Metop-C Oct 2018 Sep 2023 AMSU-A, ARGOS-3, ARGOS-4, ASCAT, AVHRR/3, GOME-2, GRAS, IASI, MHS, SEM (POES)
EarthCARE Dec 2018 Dec 2021 ATLID, BBR (EarthCARE), CPR (EarthCARE), MSI (EarthCARE)
Ingenio Mar 2019 Jan 2025 PAN+MS (RGB+NIR), UVAS
MTG-I1 (imaging) Dec 2020 Jun 2029 FCI, LI
Sentinel-1 C Feb 2021 Jun 2028 C-Band SAR
Sentinel-2 C Jun 2021 May 2029 MSI (Sentinel-2)
METOP-SG A1 Jun 2021 Oct 2028 3MI, IASI-NG, METimage, MWS, RO, UVNS (Sentinel-5)
MTG-S1 (sounding) Jun 2022 Dec 2030 IRS, UVN
METOP-SG B1 Dec 2022 Apr 2030 ARGOS-4, ICI, MWI, RO, SCA
Sentinel-3 C Jun 2023 Jan 2029 OLCI, SLSTR, SRAL
Sentinel-1 D Jul 2023 Jun 2030 C-Band SAR
MTG-I2 (imaging) Dec 2024 Jun 2033 FCI, LI
METOP-SG A2 Jun 2028 Dec 2035 3MI, IASI-NG, METimage, MWS, RO, UVNS (Sentinel-5)
MTG-I3 (imaging) Dec 2028 Jun 2037 FCI, LI
METOP-SG B2 Dec 2029 Jun 2037 ARGOS-4, ICI, MWI, RO, SCA
MTG-S2 (sounding) Dec 2030 Jun 2039 IRS, UVN
MTG-I4 (imaging) Dec 2032 Jun 2041 FCI, LI
METOP-SG A3 Jun 2035 Dec 2042 3MI, IASI-NG, METimage, MWS, RO, UVNS (Sentinel-5)
METOP-SG B3 Dec 2036 Jun 2042 ICI, MWI, RO, SCA
Planned Missions
timeline
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
Sentinel-6 A 2020 2025 AMR-C, DORIS-NG, GNSS POD Receiver, LRA (Sentinel-6), Poseidon-4 Altimeter, TriG
Sentinel-5 A 2021 2028 UVNS (Sentinel-5)
BIOMASS 2021 2026 P-Band SAR
Sentinel-4 A 2022 2030 UVN (Sentinel-4)
Sentinel-5 B 2022 2030 UVNS (Sentinel-5)
FLEX 2022 2025 FLORIS
Sentinel-6 B 2025 2032 AMR-C, DORIS-NG, GNSS POD Receiver, LRA (Sentinel-6), Poseidon-4 Altimeter, TriG
Sentinel-4 B 2030 2039 UVN (Sentinel-4)
Considered Missions
None.
Completed Missions
MissionLaunchEOL Instrument(s)
Meteosat-1 01 Jan 1977 01 Jan 1985 -
Meteosat-2 01 Jan 1981 01 Jan 1993 -
Meteosat-3 01 Jan 1988 01 Jan 1995 Meteosat Comms, MVIRI
Meteosat-4 01 Jan 1989 01 Jan 1995 Meteosat Comms, MVIRI
Meteosat-5 02 Mar 1991 26 Apr 2007 Meteosat Comms, MVIRI
ERS-1 17 Jul 1991 07 Mar 2000 AMI/SAR/Image, AMI/SAR/Wave, AMI/Scatterometer, ATSR, ATSR/M, ERS Comms, MWR, RA
Meteosat-6 20 Nov 1993 02 May 2011 Meteosat Comms, MVIRI
ERS-2 21 Apr 1995 04 Jul 2011 AMI/SAR/Image, AMI/SAR/Wave, AMI/Scatterometer, ATSR/M, ATSR-2, ERS Comms, GOME, MWR, RA
Envisat 01 Mar 2002 08 Apr 2012 AATSR, ASAR, ASAR (image mode), ASAR (wave mode), DORIS-NG, ENVISAT Comms, GOMOS, MERIS, MIPAS, MWR, RA-2, SCIAMACHY
CryoSat 08 Oct 2005 08 Oct 2005 DORIS-NG, Laser Reflectors (ESA), SIRAL
GOCE 17 Mar 2009 21 Oct 2013 EGG, GPS (ESA), Laser Reflectors (ESA), LRR, SSTI
Operational Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
ACCSwarm
ASCATMetop-B, Metop-A, Metop-C
C-Band SARSentinel-1 A, Sentinel-1 B, Sentinel-1 C, Sentinel-1 D
CHRISPROBA
EFISwarm
GERBMeteosat-8, Meteosat-9, Meteosat-10, Meteosat-11
GOME-2Metop-B, Metop-A, Metop-C
GPS Receiver (Swarm)Swarm
GRACE instrumentGRACE, GRACE-FO, GRACE-II
GRASMetop-B, Metop-A, Metop-C
HRCPROBA
Laser Reflectors (ESA)Swarm, CryoSat-2, GOCE, CryoSat
MIRAS (SMOS)SMOS
MSI (Sentinel-2)Sentinel-2 A, Sentinel-2 B, Sentinel-2 C
MVIRIMeteosat-7, Meteosat-5, Meteosat-3, Meteosat-4, Meteosat-6
OLCISentinel-3 A, Sentinel-3 B, Sentinel-3 C
SEVIRIMeteosat-8, Meteosat-9, Meteosat-10, Meteosat-11
SIRALCryoSat-2, CryoSat
SLSTRSentinel-3 A, Sentinel-3 B, Sentinel-3 C
SRALSentinel-3 A, Sentinel-3 B, Sentinel-3 C
STRSwarm
VegetationPROBA-V
VFMSwarm
Prototype Instruments None.
Instruments Being Developed
InstrumentMission(s)
3MIMETOP-SG A1, METOP-SG A2, METOP-SG A3
ALADINADM-Aeolus
AMR-CSentinel-6 A, Sentinel-6 B
FCIMTG-I1 (imaging), MTG-I2 (imaging), MTG-I3 (imaging), MTG-I4 (imaging)
GNSS POD ReceiverSentinel-6 A, Sentinel-6 B
ICIMETOP-SG B1, METOP-SG B2, METOP-SG B3
IRSMTG-S1 (sounding), MTG-S2 (sounding), MTG-S1, MTG-S2
LIMTG-I1 (imaging), MTG-I2 (imaging), MTG-I3 (imaging), MTG-I4 (imaging)
LRA (Sentinel-6)Sentinel-6 A, Sentinel-6 B
MWIMETOP-SG B1, METOP-SG B2, METOP-SG B3
MWSMETOP-SG A1, METOP-SG A2, METOP-SG A3
PAN+MS (RGB+NIR)Ingenio
P-Band SARBIOMASS
Poseidon-4 AltimeterSentinel-6 A, Sentinel-6 B
ROMETOP-SG A1, METOP-SG B1, METOP-SG A2, METOP-SG A3, METOP-SG B2, METOP-SG B3
SCAMETOP-SG B1, METOP-SG B2, METOP-SG B3
TriGSentinel-6 A, Sentinel-6 B
UVNS (Sentinel-5)METOP-SG A1, METOP-SG A2, METOP-SG A3, Sentinel-5 A, Sentinel-5 B
Approved Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
ATLIDEarthCARE, ESA Future Missions
BBR (EarthCARE)EarthCARE
FLORISFLEX
MSI (EarthCARE)EarthCARE
UVNMTG-S1 (sounding), MTG-S2 (sounding), MTG-S1, MTG-S2
Proposed Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
UVN (Sentinel-4)Sentinel-4 A, Sentinel-4 B
UVNS (Sentinel-5 precursor)Sentinel-5 precursor
TBD Instruments None.
No Longer Operational Instruments
InstrumentMission(s)
AMI/SAR/ImageERS-1, ERS-2
AMI/SAR/WaveERS-1, ERS-2
AMI/ScatterometerERS-1, ERS-2
ASAREnvisat
ASAR (image mode)Envisat
ASAR (wave mode)Envisat
EGGGOCE
ENVISAT CommsEnvisat
ERS CommsERS-1, ERS-2
GOMEERS-2
GOMOSEnvisat
GPS (ESA)GOCE
LRRGOCE
MERISEnvisat
MIPASEnvisat
MWREnvisat, ERS-1, ERS-2
RAERS-1, ERS-2
RA-2Envisat
SCIAMACHYEnvisat
SSTIGOCE
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