THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - FCI -
Full Name Flexible Combined Imager Status Being developed
Instrument Agencies EUMETSAT, ESA Maturity
Instrument Type Imaging multi-spectral radiometers (vis/IR) Geometry Earth disk scanning
Instrument Technology Multi-purpose imaging Vis/IR radiometer Sampling Imaging
Data Access Open Access Data Format NetCDF
Measurements and Applications Measurements of cloud cover, cloud top height, precipitation, cloud motion, vegetation, radiation fluxes, convection, air mass analysis, cirrus cloud discrimination, tropopause monitoring, stability monitoring, total ozone and sea surface temperature.
Resolution Summary VIS0.4=1.0 km, VIS0.5=1.0 km, VIS0.6=1.0 km & 0.5 km, VIS0.8=1.0 km, VIS0.9=1.0 km, NIR1.3=1.0 km, NIR1.6=1.0 km, NIR2.2=1.0 km & 0.5 km, IR3.8=2.0 km & 1.0 km, WV6.3=2.0 km, WV7.3=2.0 km, IR8.7=2.0 km, IR9.7=2.0 km, IR10.5=2.0 km & 1.0 km, IR12.3=2.0 km, IR13.3=2.0 km (spatial sampling distance at SSP)
[Best Resolution: 500m]
Swath Summary 210 km swath moved alternately W-E and E-W, moving up S-N a swath width at the end of each swath. Full Disc Coverage (FDC) or Local Area Coverage (LAC) possible.
[Max Swath: 210 km]
Accuracy Summary Cloud cover: 10%, Cloud top height: 1 km, Cloud top temperature: 1 K, Cloud type: 8 classes, Surface temperature: 0.7-2.0K, Specific humidity profile: 10%, Wind profile (horizontal component): 2 - 10 m/s, Long wave Earth surface radiation: 5 W/m2
Waveband Summary VIS0.4=0.414 - 0.474 µm, VIS0.5=0.49 - 0.53 µm, VIS0.6=0.615 - 0.665 µm, VIS0.8=0.84 - 0.89 µm, VIS0.9=0.904 - 0.924 µm, NIR1.3=1.365 - 1.395 µm, NIR1.6=1.585 - 1.635 µm, NIR2.2=2.225 - 2.275 µm, IR3.8=3.6 - 4 µm, WV6.3=5.8 - 6.8 µm, WV7.3=7.1 - 7.6 µm, IR8.7=8.5 - 8.9 µm, IR9.7=9.51 - 9.81 µm, IR10.5=10.15 - 10.85 µm, IR12.3=12.05 - 12.55 µm, IR13.3=13 - 13.6 µm (measured at FWHM)
VIS (~0.40 µm - ~0.75 µm)
NIR (~0.75 µm - ~1.3 µm)
SWIR (~1.3 µm - ~3.0 µm)
MWIR (~3.0 µm - ~6.0 µm)
TIR (~6.0 µm - ~15.0 µm)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
AerosolsVolcanic ash 
Atmospheric Humidity FieldsAtmospheric specific humidity (LT, HT, TC) 
Atmospheric Temperature FieldsAtmospheric stability index 
Atmospheric WindsWind profile (horizontal) 
Cloud particle properties and profileCloud drop size (at cloud top) 
Cloud optical depth 
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperatureCloud imagery 
Cloud type 
Cloud cover 
Cloud top height 
Cloud top temperature 
Liquid water and precipitation ratePrecipitation rate (liquid) at the surface 
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Fire area 
OzoneOzone profile 
Radiation budgetDownwelling (Incoming) long-wave radiation at the Earth surface 
Short-wave Earth surface bi-directional reflectance 
Sea ice cover, edge and thicknessSea-ice cover 
Sea-ice surface temperature 
Snow cover, edge and depthSnow cover 
Surface temperature (land)Land surface temperature 
Surface temperature (ocean)Sea surface temperature 
VegetationNormalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI) 
Vegetation type 
Instrument Missions
MTG-I1 (imaging) - Meteosat Third Generation - Imaging Satellite 1 (2020 - 2029)
MTG-I2 (imaging) - Meteosat Third Generation - Imaging Satellite 2 (2024 - 2033)
MTG-I3 (imaging) - Meteosat Third Generation - Imaging Satellite 3 (2028 - 2037)
MTG-I4 (imaging) - Meteosat Third Generation - Imaging Satellite 4 (2032 - 2041)
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