THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – MISSION SUMMARY - ERS-2 -
Full Name European Remote Sensing satellite - 2 Status Mission complete
Mission Agencies ESA Launch Date 21 Apr 1995
Mission Links mission site EOL Date 04 Jul 2011
EO Portal Info
Orbit Type Sun-synchronous Orbit Period 100.5 minutes
Orbit Sense Descending Orbit Inclination 98.52 deg
Orbit Altitude 782 km Orbit Longitude
Orbit LST 10:30 Repeat Cycle 35 days
Objectives and Applications Earth resources plus physical oceanography, ice and snow, land surface, meteorology, geodesy/gravity, environmental monitoring, atmospheric chemistry.
Mission Measurements
CategoryParameterInstrument(s)
AtmosphereAerosols ATSR-2
Atmospheric Humidity Fields ATSR/M, GOME, MWR, RA
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperature ATSR-2, GOME
Ozone GOME
Radiation budget ATSR-2, GOME
Trace gases (excluding ozone) GOME
Gravity and Magnetic FieldsGravity, Magnetic and Geodynamic measurements RA
LandAlbedo and reflectance ATSR-2
Landscape topography AMI/SAR/Image, RA
Soil moisture AMI/SAR/Image, AMI/Scatterometer
Vegetation AMI/SAR/Image, AMI/Scatterometer, ATSR-2
Surface temperature (land) ATSR-2
Multi-purpose imagery (land) AMI/SAR/Image, ATSR-2
OceanOcean topography/currents AMI/SAR/Image, RA
Ocean surface winds AMI/SAR/Wave, AMI/Scatterometer, RA
Surface temperature (ocean) ATSR-2
Ocean wave height and spectrum AMI/SAR/Image, AMI/SAR/Wave, RA
Multi-purpose imagery (ocean) AMI/SAR/Image, ATSR-2
Snow & IceIce sheet topography AMI/SAR/Image, RA
Snow cover, edge and depth AMI/SAR/Image
Sea ice cover, edge and thickness AMI/SAR/Image, AMI/Scatterometer, RA
Mission Instruments
AMI/SAR/Image - Active Microwave Instrumentation. Image Mode
AMI/SAR/Wave - Active Microwave Instrumentation. Wave mode
AMI/Scatterometer - Active Microwave Instrumentation. Wind mode
ATSR/M - ATSR/M
ATSR-2 - Along Track Scanning Radiometer - 2
ERS Comms - Communication package for ERS
GOME - Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment
MWR - Microwave Radiometer
RA - Radar Altimeter
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