THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - MSI (Sentinel-2) -
Full Name Multi-Spectral Instrument (Sentinel-2) Status Operational
Instrument Agencies ESA, COM Maturity
Instrument Type High resolution optical imagers Geometry Push-broom scanning
Instrument Technology High resolution optical imager Sampling Imaging
Data Access Open Access Data Format
Measurements and Applications Optical high spatial resolution imagery over land and coastal areas for GMES operational services.
Resolution Summary 10 m for 4 bands in VNIR, 60 m for 3 dedicated atmospheric correction bands, 20 m for remaining bands
[Best Resolution: 10m]
Swath Summary 290 km
[Max Swath: 290 km]
Accuracy Summary Absolute radiometric accuracy for Level 1C data: 3 - 5%
Waveband Summary 13 bands in the VNIR-SWIR
VIS (~0.40 µm - ~0.75 µm)
SWIR (~1.3 µm - ~3.0 µm)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
Albedo and reflectancePhotosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) 
Fractionally absorbed PAR (FPAR) 
Earth surface albedo 
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Fire area 
Land surface imagery 
Radiation budgetUpwelling (Outgoing) spectral radiance at TOA 
VegetationNormalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI) 
Leaf Area Index (LAI) 
Vegetation type 
Land cover 
Soil type 
Instrument Missions
Sentinel-2 A - Sentinel-2 A (2015 - 2022)
Sentinel-2 B - Sentinel-2 B (2017 - 2024)
Sentinel-2 C - Sentinel-2 C (2021 - 2029)
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