THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – MISSION SUMMARY - ERS-1 -
Full Name European Remote Sensing satellite - 1 Status Mission complete
Mission Agencies ESA Launch Date 17 Jul 1991
Mission Links mission site EOL Date 07 Mar 2000
EO Portal Info
Orbit Type Sun-synchronous Orbit Period 100.5 minutes
Orbit Sense Descending Orbit Inclination 98.52 deg
Orbit Altitude 782 km Orbit Longitude
Orbit LST 10:30 Repeat Cycle 35 days
Objectives and Applications Earth resources plus physical oceanography, ice and snow, land surface, meteorology, geodesy/gravity, environmental monitoring, atmospheric chemistry.
Mission Measurements
CategoryParameterInstrument(s)
AtmosphereAerosols ATSR
Atmospheric Humidity Fields ATSR, ATSR/M, MWR, RA
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperature ATSR
Liquid water and precipitation rate ATSR
Ozone ATSR
Radiation budget ATSR
Atmospheric Temperature Fields ATSR
Gravity and Magnetic FieldsGravity, Magnetic and Geodynamic measurements RA
LandAlbedo and reflectance ATSR
Landscape topography AMI/SAR/Image, RA
Soil moisture AMI/SAR/Image, AMI/Scatterometer
Vegetation AMI/SAR/Image, AMI/Scatterometer, ATSR
Surface temperature (land) ATSR
Multi-purpose imagery (land) AMI/SAR/Image, ATSR
OceanOcean topography/currents AMI/SAR/Image, RA
Ocean surface winds AMI/SAR/Wave, AMI/Scatterometer, RA
Surface temperature (ocean) ATSR
Ocean wave height and spectrum AMI/SAR/Image, AMI/SAR/Wave, RA
Multi-purpose imagery (ocean) AMI/SAR/Image, ATSR
Snow & IceIce sheet topography AMI/SAR/Image, RA
Snow cover, edge and depth AMI/SAR/Image
Sea ice cover, edge and thickness AMI/SAR/Image, AMI/Scatterometer, RA
Mission Instruments
AMI/SAR/Image - Active Microwave Instrumentation. Image Mode
AMI/SAR/Wave - Active Microwave Instrumentation. Wave mode
AMI/Scatterometer - Active Microwave Instrumentation. Wind mode
ATSR - Along Track Scanning Radiometer
ATSR/M - ATSR/M
ERS Comms - Communication package for ERS
MWR - Microwave Radiometer
RA - Radar Altimeter
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