THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – MISSION SUMMARY - SMOS -
Full Name Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (Earth Explorer Opportunity Mission) Status Currently being flown
Mission Agencies ESA, CDTI, CNES Launch Date 02 Nov 2009
Mission Links mission site EOL Date Feb 2017
EO Portal Info
Orbit Type Sun-synchronous Orbit Period 100.075 minutes
Orbit Sense Ascending Orbit Inclination 98.44 deg
Orbit Altitude 758 km Orbit Longitude
Orbit LST 6:00 Repeat Cycle 23 days
Objectives and Applications Overall objectives are to provide global observations of two crucial variables for modelling the weather and climate, soil moisture and ocean salinity. It will also monitor the vegetation water content, snow cover and ice structure.
Mission Measurements
CategoryParameterInstrument(s)
LandSoil moisture MIRAS (SMOS)
OceanOcean Salinity MIRAS (SMOS)
Mission Instruments
MIRAS (SMOS) - Microwave Imaging Radiometer using Aperture Synthesis (MIRAS)
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