THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - SAR (RADARSAT-2) -
Full Name Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) C band Status Operational
Instrument Agencies CSA Maturity High Heritage - Operational
Instrument Type Imaging microwave radars Geometry Side-looking
Instrument Technology Imaging radar (SAR) Sampling Imaging
Data Access Constrained Access Data Format Image Products in a format that uses GeoTIFF for imagery and XML for metadata, or NITF for imagery and metadata.
Measurements and Applications All-weather images of ocean, ice and land surfaces. Used for monitoring of coastal zones, polar ice, sea ice, sea state, geological features, vegetation and land surface processes.
Resolution Summary Spotlight: 5 - 2 x 0.8 m (1 look); Ultra-Fine: 5 - 2 x 3 m (1 look); Wide Ultra-Fine: 3 - 2 x 3 m (1 look); Multi-Look Fine/Wide MLF: 11 - 7 x 8 m (4 looks); Extra-Fine: 8 - 4 x 5 m (1 look) to 24 -12 x 24 m (28 looks); Fine: 10 - 7 x 8 m (1 look); Wide
[Best Resolution: 0.8m]
Swath Summary Spotlight: 18 km [8 km along-track]; Ultra-Fine: 20 km; Wide Ultra-Fine: 50 km; Multi-Look Fine/Wide MLF: 50/90 km; Extra-Fine: 125 km; Fine: 50 km; Wide Fine: 150 km; Standard: 100 km; Wide: 150 km; Extended (H/L): 75/170 km; Fine Quad-Pol: 25 km; Wide
[Max Swath: 500 km]
Accuracy Summary Relative Radiometric Accuracy (within a 100 km scene): <1 dB
Waveband Summary Microwave: C band 5.405 GHz. HH, VV, HV, VH polarization - includes Quad polarization imaging modes.
MW (~1.0 cm - ~100 cm)
C-Band (8 - 4 GHz)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
Albedo and reflectanceEarth surface albedo 
Atmospheric WindsOil spill cover 
Ice sheet topographySea-ice sheet topography 
Landscape topographyLand surface topography 
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Glacier topography 
Fire area 
Land surface imagery 
Surface Coherent Change Detection 
Multi-purpose imagery (ocean)Ocean imagery and water leaving radiance 
Ocean surface windsWind speed over sea surface (horizontal) 
Ocean topography/currentsOcean surface currents (vector) 
Bathymetry 
Ocean dynamic topography 
Ocean wave height and spectrumSignificant wave height 
Sea ice cover, edge and thicknessSea-ice cover 
Sea-ice type 
Glacier cover 
Glacier motion 
Sea-ice thickness 
Snow cover, edge and depthSnow cover 
Snow water equivalent 
Soil moistureSoil moisture at the surface 
VegetationVegetation type 
Land cover 
Soil type 
Above Ground Biomass (AGB) 
Instrument Missions
RADARSAT-2 - RADARSAT-2 (2007 - 2019)
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