THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
Full Name COSMO-SkyMed di Seconda Generazione SAR Status Operational
Instrument Agencies ASI, MoD (Italy) Maturity
Instrument Type Imaging microwave radars Geometry Side-looking
Instrument Technology Imaging radar (SAR) Sampling Imaging
Data Access Constrained Access Data Format HDF5, GeoTiff, GML JPEG2000, STANAG 4545
Measurements and Applications All-weather images of ocean, land and ice for monitoring of land surface processes, ice, environmental monitoring, risk management, environmental resources, maritime management, Earth topographic mapping.
Resolution Summary [range x azimuth] Spotlight: 0.5x0.35 or 0.63x0.63 m (Single/Dual pol), Stripmap: 3x3 m (Single/Dual/Quad pol), ScanSAR: 4x20 or 6x40 m (Single/Dual pol)
[Best Resolution: 0.35m]
Swath Summary 'Dual polarisation modes: Spotlight [range x azimuth]: 7.3x3.1 or 10x10 km, Stripmap: 40 km, ScanSAR: 100 or 200 km. Quad polarisation mode: 15 km.
[Max Swath: 200 km]
Accuracy Summary -
Waveband Summary Microwave: X-band (9.6 GHz) single-, dual- and quad- polarization
X-Band (12.5 - 8 GHz)
Instrument Measurements
Measurements Overview
Atmospheric WindsOil spill cover
Landscape topographyLand surface topography
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Land surface imagery
Sea ice cover, edge and thicknessSea-ice cover
Sea-ice type
Glacier cover
Glacier motion
Snow cover, edge and depthSnow cover
Snow water equivalent
Soil moistureSoil moisture at the surface
VegetationLand cover
Soil type
Thematic Links Global Climate Observing System Essential Climate Variables (GCOS ECVs)
ECVDescriptionProduct(s)ECV Inventory 3.0 Record(s)
Glaciers click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Land cover click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Sea Ice click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Snow click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Soil Moisture click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Instrument Missions
CSG-1 - COSMO-SkyMed Second Generation - 1 (2019 - 2026)
CSG-2 - COSMO-SkyMed Second Generation - 2 (2022 - 2028)
CSG-3 - COSMO-SkyMed Second Generation - 3 (2024 - 2031)
CSG-4 - COSMO-SkyMed Second Generation - 4 (2025 - 2032)
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