THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - SAR 2000 -
Full Name Synthetic Aperture Radar - 2000 Status Operational
Instrument Agencies ASI, MoD (Italy) Maturity
Instrument Type Imaging microwave radars Geometry Side-looking
Instrument Technology Imaging radar (SAR) Sampling Imaging
Data Access Constrained Access Data Format HDF5, GeoTiff
Measurements and Applications All-weather images of ocean, land and ice for monitoring of land surface processes, ice, environmental monitoring, risk management, environmental resources, maritime management, Earth topographic mapping.
Resolution Summary Single polarisation modes; Spotlight: 1 m. Stripmap: 3 - 15 m, ScanSAR: 30 or 100 m. Two polarisation mode (PING-PONG): 15 m.
[Best Resolution: 1m]
Swath Summary Single polarisation modes: Spotlight: 10 km. Stripmap; 40 km. ScanSAR: 100 or 200 m - Two polarisation mode (PING-PONG): 30 km.
[Max Swath: 200 km]
Accuracy Summary
Waveband Summary Microwave: X-band, 9.6 GHz, with choice of 5 polarisation modes (VV, HH, HV, VH, HH/HV + VV/VH)
MW (~1.0 cm - ~100 cm)
X-Band (12.5 - 8 GHz)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
Landscape topographyLand surface topography 
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Land surface imagery 
Sea ice cover, edge and thicknessSea-ice cover 
Sea-ice type 
Glacier cover 
Glacier motion 
Snow cover, edge and depthSnow cover 
VegetationVegetation type 
Land cover 
Soil type 
Instrument Missions
COSMO-SkyMed 1 - COnstellation of small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observation - 1 (2007 - 2017)
COSMO-SkyMed 2 - COnstellation of small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observation - 2 (2007 - 2017)
COSMO-SkyMed 3 - COnstellation of small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observation - 3 (2008 - 2017)
COSMO-SkyMed 4 - COnstellation of small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observation - 4 (2010 - 2017)
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