THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - CSG SAR -
Full Name COSMO-SkyMed di Seconda Generazione SAR Status Approved
Instrument Agencies ASI, MoD (Italy) Maturity
Instrument Type Imaging microwave radars Geometry Side-looking
Instrument Technology Imaging radar (SAR) Sampling Imaging
Data Access Constrained Access Data Format HDF5, GeoTiff, GML JPEG2000, STANAG 4545
Measurements and Applications All-weather images of ocean, land and ice for monitoring of land surface processes, ice, environmental monitoring, risk management, environmental resources, maritime management, Earth topographic mapping.
Resolution Summary [range x azimuth] Spotlight: 0.5x0.35 or 0.63x0.63 m (Single/Dual pol), Stripmap: 3x3 m (Single/Dual/Quad pol), ScanSAR: 4x20 or 6x40 m (Single/Dual pol)
[Best Resolution: 0.35m]
Swath Summary 'Dual polarisation modes: Spotlight [range x azimuth]: 7.3x3.1 or 10x10 km, Stripmap: 40 km, ScanSAR: 100 or 200 km. Quad polarisation mode: 15 km.
[Max Swath: 200 km]
Accuracy Summary -
Waveband Summary Microwave: X-band (9.6 GHz) single-, dual- and quad- polarization
MW (~1.0 cm - ~100 cm)
X-Band (12.5 - 8 GHz)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
Atmospheric WindsOil spill cover 
Landscape topographyLand surface topography 
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Land surface imagery 
Sea ice cover, edge and thicknessSea-ice cover 
Sea-ice type 
Glacier cover 
Glacier motion 
Snow cover, edge and depthSnow cover 
Snow water equivalent 
Soil moistureSoil moisture at the surface 
VegetationLand cover 
Soil type 
Instrument Missions
CSG-1 - COSMO-SkyMed di Seconda Generazione - 1 (2018 - 2025)
CSG-2 - COSMO-SkyMed di Seconda Generazione - 2 (2019 - 2026)
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