THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - X-Band SAR -
Full Name X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar Status Operational
Instrument Agencies DLR Maturity High Heritage - Operational
Instrument Type Imaging microwave radars Geometry
Instrument Technology Imaging radar (SAR) Sampling Other
Data Access Open Access Data Format
Measurements and Applications High resolution images for monitoring of land surface and coastal processes and for agricultural, geological and hydrological applications.
Resolution Summary Spotlight: 1.2 x 1 - 4 m Stripmap: 3 x 3 - 6 m ScanSAR: 16 x 16 m
[Best Resolution: 1m]
Swath Summary Spotlight: 5-10km x 10 km, Stripmap: 30 km, ScanSAR: 100 km
[Max Swath: 100 km]
Accuracy Summary
Waveband Summary 9.65 GHz, 300 MHz bandwidth, all 4 polarisation modes
MW (~1.0 cm - ~100 cm)
X-Band (12.5 - 8 GHz)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
Albedo and reflectanceEarth surface albedo 
Landscape topographyLand surface topography 
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Land surface imagery 
Multi-purpose imagery (ocean)Ocean imagery and water leaving radiance 
Ocean topography/currentsOcean surface currents (vector) 
Sea ice cover, edge and thicknessSea-ice cover 
Sea-ice type 
Glacier cover 
Glacier motion 
Snow cover, edge and depthSnow cover 
VegetationVegetation type 
Instrument Missions
TerraSAR-X - TerraSAR-X (2007 - 2020)
TanDEM-X - TerraSAR-X Add-on for Digital Elevation Measurements (2010 - 2020)
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