THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - PALSAR -
Full Name Phased Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar Status No longer operational
Instrument Agencies JAXA, METI Maturity Medium Heritage
Instrument Type Imaging microwave radars Geometry Side-looking
Instrument Technology Imaging radar (SAR) Sampling Imaging
Data Access Open Access Data Format CEOS
Measurements and Applications High resolution microwave imaging of land and ice for use in environmental monitoring, agriculture and forestry, disaster monitoring, Earth resource management and interferometry.
Resolution Summary (depending on looks, incident angle and bandwidth) Hi-res: 7 - 44 m or 14 - 88 m, ScanSAR mode: 35 - 77 m or 70 - 154 m, Polarimetry: 24 - 88 m
[Best Resolution: 7m]
Swath Summary High resolution mode: 70 km, Scan SAR mode: 250 - 360 km, Polarimetry: 30 km
[Max Swath: 360 km]
Accuracy Summary Surface Resolution:10 m (Fine Mode); Surface Resolution:100 m (Scan Mode); Radiometric: ±1 dB
Waveband Summary Microwave: L-Band 1270 MHz
MW (~1.0 cm - ~100 cm)
L-Band (2 - 1 GHz)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
Albedo and reflectanceEarth surface albedo 
Ice sheet topographySea-ice sheet topography 
Landscape topographyLand surface topography 
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Fire area 
Land surface imagery 
Multi-purpose imagery (ocean)Ocean imagery and water leaving radiance 
Ocean surface windsWind vector over sea surface (horizontal) 
Sea ice cover, edge and thicknessSea-ice cover 
Sea-ice type 
Iceberg fractional cover 
Iceberg height 
Glacier motion 
Snow cover, edge and depthSnow cover 
Snow melting status (wet/dry) 
Soil moistureSoil moisture at the surface 
VegetationVegetation type 
Instrument Missions
ALOS - Advanced Land Observing Satellite (2006 - 2011)
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