CEOS EO HANDBOOK – MISSION SUMMARY - NOAA-18 -
Full Name National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 18 Status Operational (extended)
Mission Agencies NOAA Launch Date 20 May 2005
Mission Links mission site EOL Date Oct 2024
EO Portal Info NORAD Catalog # 28654 (TLE)
International Designator 2005-018A
Orbit Type Sun-synchronous Orbit Period 102.1 minutes
Orbit Sense Ascending Orbit Inclination 98.75 deg
Orbit Altitude 870 km Orbit Longitude
Orbit LST 14:00 Repeat Cycle
Objectives and Applications Meteorology, agriculture and forestry, environmental monitoring, climatology, physical oceanography, volcanic eruption monitoring, ice and snow cover, total ozone studies, space environment, solar flux analysis, search and rescue. The EOL date is based on a reliability and health & status analysis; the date shown is at the 60% confidence level.
Mission Measurements
CategoryParameterInstrument(s)
AtmosphereAerosols AVHRR/3
Atmospheric Humidity Fields AMSU-A, HIRS/4, MHS
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperature AMSU-A, AVHRR/3, HIRS/4, MHS
Cloud particle properties and profile AMSU-A, MHS
Liquid water and precipitation rate AMSU-A, AVHRR/3, MHS
Ozone HIRS/4, SBUV/2
Radiation budget AMSU-A, AVHRR/3, HIRS/4, SBUV/2
Trace gases (excluding ozone) HIRS/4
Atmospheric Temperature Fields AMSU-A, HIRS/4
LandAlbedo and reflectance AVHRR/3
Soil moisture AMSU-A
Vegetation AVHRR/3
Surface temperature (land) AMSU-A, AVHRR/3, HIRS/4
Multi-purpose imagery (land) AVHRR/3
OceanOcean surface winds AMSU-A
Surface temperature (ocean) AVHRR/3, HIRS/4
Multi-purpose imagery (ocean) AVHRR/3
Snow & IceSnow cover, edge and depth AMSU-A, AVHRR/3
Sea ice cover, edge and thickness AMSU-A, AVHRR/3
Mission Instruments
A-DCS3 - Argos Advanced Data Collection System3
AMSU-A - Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A
AVHRR/3 - Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3
HIRS/4 - High Resolution Infra-red Sounder/4
MHS - Microwave Humidity Sounder
NOAA Comms - Communications package for NOAA
S&R (NOAA) - Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking
SBUV/2 - Solar Backscattter Ultra-Violet Instrument/2
SEM (POES) - Space Environment Monitor
Featured Datasets
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NOAA POES and METOP Local Area Coverage Imagery
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This collection is composed of AVHRR Level 1B products (1.1 km) reprocessed from the NOAA POES and Metop AVHRR sensors data acquired at the University of Dundee and University of Bern ground stations and from the ESA and University of Bern data historical archive. The data collection covers Europe and the neighbouring regions in the period of 1 January 1981 to 31 December 2019. Access is provided through the ESA TPM scheme. Read more

OpenSearch Datasets Selected IDN OpenSearch Results (search all 102 )
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AMSU/MSU Lowstratosphere Day/Month Temperature Anomalies and Annual Cycle
AMSU/MSU Lowtroposphere Day/Month Temperature Anomalies and Annual Cycle V6
AMSU/MSU Midtroposphere Day/Month Temperature Anomalies and Annual Cycle V6
AMSU/MSU Tropopause Day/Month Temperature Anomalies and Annual Cycle V6
AVHRR - Land Surface Temperature (LST) - Europe, Daytime
AVHRR - Land Surface Temperature (LST) - Europe, Nighttime
AVHRR - Sea Surface Temperature (SST) - Europe
AVHRR - Vegetation Index (NDVI) - Europe

Selected FedEO OpenSearch Results (view all 134 results: browser , table )
AVHRR - Sea Surface Temperature (SST) - Europe
AVHRR - Land Surface Temperature (LST) - Europe, Daytime
ESA Sea Surface Temperature Climate Change Initiative (SST_cci): Level 4 Analysis Climate Data Recor...
CLIMATE APPLICATIONS: water vapour feedback; A long-term UTH data record will be used in a wide ran...
NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Cloud Properties from AVHRR Pathfinder Atmospheres - Extended (PAT...
CLIMATE APPLICATIONS: PATMOS-x AVHRR supports: NCEI AVHRR Aerosol TCDR, Climate analysis, Climate mo...
CLIMATE APPLICATIONS: earth radiation budget studies climate research (monitoring and modelling), NM...
CLARA-A1. CLIMATE APPLICATIONS: global cloud climatologies climate research (monitoring and modellin...
CLIMATE APPLICATIONS: earth radiation budget studies climate research (monitoring and modelling), NM...
CLIMATE APPLICATIONS: global cloud climatologies climate research (monitoring and modelling), NMHSs ...

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