THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - BRLK -
Full Name X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar
aka Severjanin
Status Operational
Instrument Agencies ROSHYDROMET, ROSKOSMOS Maturity
Instrument Type Imaging microwave radars Geometry Side-looking
Instrument Technology Imaging radar (SAR) Sampling Imaging
Data Access Constrained Access Data Format
Measurements and Applications Land and sea surface monitoring
Resolution Summary 350-1000 m
[Best Resolution: 350m]
Swath Summary 450 km
[Max Swath: 450 km]
Accuracy Summary
Waveband Summary X-band
MW (~1.0 cm - ~100 cm)
X-Band (12.5 - 8 GHz)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
Sea ice cover, edge and thicknessSea-ice cover 
Sea-ice type 
VegetationLand cover 
Instrument Missions
Meteor-M N1 - Meteorological Satellite Meteor-M N1 (2009 - 2014)
Meteor-M N2 - Meteorological Satellite Meteor-M N2 (2014 - 2018)
Meteor-M N2-1 - Meteorological Satellite Meteor-M N2-1 (2017 - 2022)
Meteor-M N2-2 - Meteorological Satellite Meteor-M N2-2 (2017 - 2022)
Meteor-M N2-3 - Meteorological Satellite Meteor-M N2-3 (2018 - 2023)
Meteor-M N2-4 - Meteorological Satellite Meteor-M N2-4 (2019 - 2024)
Meteor-M N3 - Oceanographical Satellite Meteor-M N3 (2021 - 2026)
Obzor-R N4 - SAR Operative Monitoring SatelliteObzor-R N4 (2022 - 2027)
Meteor-M N2-5 - Meteorological Satellite Meteor-M N2-5 (2022 - 2027)
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