THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - MSU -
Full Name Microwave Sounding Unit Status No longer operational
Instrument Agencies NOAA Maturity
Instrument Type Atmospheric temperature and humidity sounders Geometry Cross-track scanning
Instrument Technology Absorption-band MW radiometer/spectrometer Sampling Sounding
Data Access Data Format
Measurements and Applications Temperature sounding through cloud up to 20 km in altitude. Nearly-all-weather atmospheric temperature profile. 4-channel MW radiometer operating in the 54 GHz band. Follow-on of NEMS flown on Nimbus-5 and SCAMS flown on Nimbus-6. Part of the TOVS package (TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder).
Resolution Summary 110 km at s.s.p.
[Best Resolution: 110000m]
Swath Summary 2350 km
[Max Swath: 2350 km]
Accuracy Summary
Waveband Summary 4 channels MW 50.30 - 57.95µm
MW (~1.0 cm - ~100 cm)
Instrument Measurements
Measurements Overview
CategoryParameter
Atmospheric Temperature FieldsAtmospheric temperature (LT, HT, LS)
Liquid water and precipitation ratePrecipitation intensity at the surface (liquid or solid)
Thematic Links Global Climate Observing System Essential Climate Variables (GCOS ECVs)
ECVDescriptionProduct(s)ECV Inventory 3.0 Record(s)
Precipitation click here click here NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Precip...
NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Precip...
Temperature (upper-air) click here click here search ECV Inventory records
Instrument Missions
TIROS N - (1978 - 1981)
NOAA-6 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 6 (1979 - 1987)
NOAA-7 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 7 (1981 - 1986)
NOAA-8 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 8 (1983 - 1985)
NOAA-9 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 9 (1984 - 1998)
NOAA-10 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 10 (1986 - 2001)
NOAA-11 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 11 (1988 - 2004)
NOAA-12 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 12 (1991 - 2005)
NOAA-13 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 13 (1993 - 1993)
NOAA-14 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 14 (1994 - 2005)
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