THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - AVHRR/2 -
Full Name Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/2 Status No longer operational
Instrument Agencies NOAA Maturity
Instrument Type Imaging multi-spectral radiometers (vis/IR) Geometry Cross-track scanning
Instrument Technology Multi-purpose imaging Vis/IR radiometer Sampling Imaging
Data Access Data Format
Measurements and Applications Measurements of land and sea surface temperature, cloud cover, snow and ice cover, soil moisture and vegetation indices. Data also used for volcanic eruption monitoring.
Resolution Summary 1.1 km
Swath Summary 3000 km approx
Accuracy Summary
Waveband Summary VIS: 0.58 - 0.68 µm, NIR: 0.725 - 1.1 µm, MWIR: 3.55 - 3.93 µm, TIR: 10.3 - 11.3 µm, 11.5 - 12.5 µm
VIS (~0.40 µm - ~0.75 µm)
NIR (~0.75 µm - ~1.3 µm)
MWIR (~3.0 µm - ~6.0 µm)
TIR (~6.0 µm - ~15.0 µm)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperatureCloud imagery 
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Fire area 
Radiation budgetUpwelling (Outgoing) long-wave radiation at TOA 
Snow cover, edge and depthSnow cover 
Surface temperature (ocean)Sea surface temperature 
VegetationNormalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI) 
Instrument Missions
NOAA-9 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 9 (1984 - 1997)
NOAA-10 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 10 (1986 - 1997)
NOAA-11 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 11 (1988 - 2004)
NOAA-12 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 12 (1991 - 2005)
NOAA-13 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 13 (1993 - 1993)
NOAA-14 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - 14 (1994 - 2005)
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