THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - Imager -
Full Name Imager Status Operational
Instrument Agencies NOAA Maturity High Heritage - Operational
Instrument Type Imaging multi-spectral radiometers (vis/IR) Geometry Earth disk scanning
Instrument Technology Multi-purpose imaging Vis/IR radiometer Sampling Imaging
Data Access Open Access Data Format NetCDF, RAW, GIF, JPEG, etc.
Measurements and Applications Measures cloud cover, atmospheric radiance, winds, atmospheric stability, rainfall estimates. Used to provide severe storm warnings/ monitoring day and night (type, amount, storm features).
Resolution Summary 10 km
[Best Resolution: 10000m]
Swath Summary Full Earth disk
Accuracy Summary
Waveband Summary GOES 8 - 11: VIS: 1 channel (8 detectors), IR: 4 channels: 3.9 µm, 6.7 µm, 10.7 µm and 12 µm, GOES 12 - Q: VIS: 1 channel (8 detectors), IR: 4 channels: 3.9 µm, 6.7 µm, 10.7 µm and 13.3 µm
VIS (~0.40 µm - ~0.75 µm)
NIR (~0.75 µm - ~1.3 µm)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
Atmospheric WindsWind profile (horizontal) 
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperatureCloud imagery 
Cloud top temperature 
Liquid water and precipitation ratePrecipitation rate (liquid) at the surface 
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Fire area 
Multi-purpose imagery (ocean)Ocean imagery and water leaving radiance 
Radiation budgetUpwelling (Outgoing) long-wave radiation at TOA 
Surface temperature (land)Land surface temperature 
Fire temperature 
Surface temperature (ocean)Sea surface temperature 
Instrument Missions
GOES-8 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 8 (1994 - 2003)
GOES-9 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 9 (1995 - 2005)
GOES-10 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 10 (1997 - 2006)
GOES-11 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 11 (2000 - 2011)
GOES-12 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 12 (2001 - 2013)
GOES-13 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 13 (2006 - 2021)
GOES-14 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 14 (2009 - 2024)
GOES-15 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 15 (2010 - 2025)
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