THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – INSTRUMENT SUMMARY - Imager -
Full Name Imager Status Operational
Instrument Agencies NOAA Maturity High Heritage - Operational
Instrument Type Imaging multi-spectral radiometers (vis/IR) Geometry Earth disk scanning
Instrument Technology Multi-purpose imaging Vis/IR radiometer Sampling Imaging
Data Access Data Format
Measurements and Applications Measures cloud cover, atmospheric radiance, winds, atmospheric stability, rainfall estimates. Used to provide severe storm warnings/ monitoring day and night (type, amount, storm features).
Resolution Summary 10 km
[Best Resolution: 10000m]
Swath Summary Full Earth disk
Accuracy Summary
Waveband Summary GOES 8 - 11: VIS: 1 channel (8 detectors), IR: 4 channels: 3.9 µm, 6.7 µm, 10.7 µm and 12 µm, GOES 12 - Q: VIS: 1 channel (8 detectors), IR: 4 channels: 3.9 µm, 6.7 µm, 10.7 µm and 13.3 µm
VIS (~0.40 µm - ~0.75 µm)
NIR (~0.75 µm - ~1.3 µm)
Instrument Measurements
CategoryParameterAccuracy
Atmospheric WindsWind profile (horizontal) 
Cloud type, amount and cloud top temperatureCloud imagery 
Cloud top temperature 
Liquid water and precipitation ratePrecipitation rate (liquid) at the surface 
Multi-purpose imagery (land)Fire area 
Multi-purpose imagery (ocean)Ocean imagery and water leaving radiance 
Radiation budgetUpwelling (Outgoing) long-wave radiation at TOA 
Surface temperature (land)Land surface temperature 
Fire temperature 
Surface temperature (ocean)Sea surface temperature 
Instrument Missions
GOES-8 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 8 (1994 - 2003)
GOES-9 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 9 (1995 - 2005)
GOES-10 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 10 (1997 - 2006)
GOES-11 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 11 (2000 - 2011)
GOES-12 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 12 (2001 - 2013)
GOES-13 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 13 (2006 - 2021)
GOES-14 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 14 (2009 - 2024)
GOES-15 - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - 15 (2010 - 2025)
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