THE CEOS DATABASE : Missions, Instruments and Measurements
CEOS EO HANDBOOK – MEASUREMENT INSTRUMENTS
Measurements > Atmosphere >
Trace gases (excluding ozone) >
Atmospheric Chemistry - NO2 (column/profile)


Measurement Definition*: NO2 = Nitrogen peroxide. Requested from surface to TOA (layers: LT, HT, LS, HS&M) + Total column - Physical unit: [ ppm ] for profile, units of [1.3×1015 molecules/cm2 ] for total column - Accuracy unit: [ % ] for profile, [1.3×1015 cm-2 ] for total column.
InstrumentStatus/
Accuracy
Instrument DescriptionMeasurement TechnologyTimeline
ACE-FTS
Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment (ACE) Fourier Transform Spectrometer
Operational
Measure and understand the chemical processes that control the distribution of ozone in the Earth's atmosphere, especially at high altitudes.Limb-scanning IR spectrometer
HiRDLS
High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder
Operational
Measures atmospheric temperature, concentrations of ozone, water vapour, methane, NOx, N2O, CFCs and other minor species, aerosol concentration, location of polar stratospheric clouds and cloud tops. Currently not collecting data on Aqua.Limb-scanning IR spectrometer
LM
Lightning Mapper
Operational
Lightning mapping for locating thunder storms in flooding season, CCD camera operating 0.77 µm to count flashes and intensity.n/a
MAESTRO
Measurements of Aerosol Extinction in the Stratosphere and Troposphere Retrieved by Occultation
Operational
Chemical processes involved in the depletion of the ozone layer.Limb-scanning SW spectrometer
OSIRIS
Optical Spectrograph and Infra-Red Imaging System
Operational
Detects aerosol layers and abundance of species such as O3, NO2, OClO, BrO and NO. Consists of spectrograph and IR imager.Limb-scanning SW spectrometer
SAGE-III
Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment
Operational
Limb-viewing measurements of aerosol, O3, H20, NO2, OClO, NO3, temperature and pressure in the stratosphere, upper troposphere, and mesosphere using solar occultation, lunar occultation and limb scatter measurement techniques.Limb-scanning SW spectrometer
UVNS (Sentinel-5 precursor)
TROPOMI
Operational
Supporting atmospheric composition and air quality monitoring services.High-resolution nadir-scanning SW spectrometer
GEMS
Geostationary Environmental Monitoring Spectrometer
Being developed
Measurements of atmospheric chemistry, precursors of aerosols and ozone in particular, in high temporal and spatial resolution over Asia.n/a
Spectrometer (TEMPO)
Spectrometer (TEMPO)
Being developed
Hourly measurements of air pollution over North America, from Mexico City to the Canadian oil sands, at high spatial resolution. Measurements in ultraviolet and visible wavelengths will provide a suite of products including the key elements of tropospheric air pollution chemistry. Will be part of the first global geostationary constellation for pollution monitoring, along with European and Korean missions now in development.High-resolution nadir-scanning SW spectrometer
UVAS
UVAS (Ultraviolet Visible and near-infrared Atmospheric Sounder)
Being developed
High spatial resolution observations of air quality and climate gases such as ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2), formaldehyde (HCHO) glyoxal (CHO-CHO), and aerosols over selected zones of interest (urban and industrialized areas, mayor motorways, and special events like forest fires, volcano eruption and sand storms). Also measurements of halogenated compounds will be performed, including bromine monoxide (BrO) and iodine monoxide (IO).High-resolution nadir-scanning SW spectrometer
UVNS (Sentinel-5)
Ultra-violet Visible Near-infrared Shortwave-infrared spectrometer
Being developed
Supporting atmospheric composition and air quality monitoring services. Measurements of atmospheric trace gases, primarily O3, NO2, SO2, HCHO, CH4 and CO.High-resolution nadir-scanning SW spectrometer
UVN
UV-VIS-NIR Sounder
Approved
Measurements of atmospheric trace gases, mainly O3, NO2, SO2, H2CO. The product list is not yet approved, the accuracy summary column lists the breakthrough user requirements.High-resolution nadir-scanning SW spectrometer
PCW PHEOS - Atmospheric
Polar Highly Elliptical Orbit Science Weather, Climate & Air Quality Mission
Proposed
Complement PCW operational numerical weather prediction. Will also collect information about atmospheric gaseous and aerosol composition to better understand transport and climate processes. .High-resolution nadir-scanning IR spectrometer
UV Spectrometer (GACM)
UV Spectrometer (GACM)
Proposed
Daytime measurements of O3, NO2, SO2, CH2O, and aerosols.High-resolution nadir-scanning SW spectrometer
UV/Vis Near IR Wide Imaging Spectrometer (Geo-Cape)
UV/Vis Near IR Wide Imaging Spectrometer (Geo-Cape)
Proposed
Measures natural and human-produced gases and aerosols in the atmosphere, including those that react in sunlight to form polluting low-level ozone.High-resolution nadir-scanning SW spectrometer
UVN (Sentinel-4)
UV-visible- near infrared imaging spectrometer (Sentinel-4)
Proposed
Supporting atmospheric composition and air quality monitoring services.High-resolution nadir-scanning SW spectrometer
* Description adapted from WMO.
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